Degree in Geography


Program Description

  • Official title: Graduate in Geography
  • Branch of knowledge: Arts and Humanities
  • Center: Faculty of Geography and History
  • Type of teaching: On-site
  • Spanish Language
  • Duration: 4 academic courses
  • ECTS credits: 240
  • Places of new entry 2019-20: 25


The Degree in Geography begins to be taught at the USAL in the 2010-11 academic year, once the verification process has been passed, and it replaces the Bachelor's Degree in Geography. This Degree has renewed its accreditation in 2016.

As of the 2015-2016 academic year, two different study plans coexist in the Degree in Geography:

  • Plan 2010, which began to be implemented in the 2010-2011 academic year, and only students who have already begun their studies in this grade in previous years can enroll in it.
  • Plan 2015 (it is a modification of the previous one), it is implemented in the 2015-2016 academic year and only those students who start their studies in this Degree in the academic year 2015-2016 or later can enroll in it. The full implementation of this new plan will be progressive, course by academic year (in 2015-16 is implemented first, in 2016-17 is implemented second and so on) and, likewise, courses of the 2010 plan will be progressively taught. For more information see the section "Adaptation of previous lessons" of the institutional website of this Degree.

The teachings of this Degree provide students with a solid theoretical, methodological, technical and instrumental basis that will enable them to analyze the processes and recommend solutions that help mitigate or solve the various spatially based challenges, since it is in the specific territory where they express and express the facts and political, economic, social and environmental phenomena that, from the complexity of human and spatial relations, shape the current world.115658_salamanca_geografia.jpg

These studies last 4 years (60 ECTS per year to complete 240) and are organized in subjects, mostly 6 ECTS: basic training (60 ECTS), compulsory (132 ECTS), elective (30 ECTS), external compulsory internships (6 ECTS) and final thesis (12 ECTS).

The external practices take place in companies or entities attending to the different professional profiles of the geographer: Geographic Information Technologies; Physical environment, natural resources and environment; Territorial, environmental and urban planning and management; Territorial and socioeconomic analysis and Regional and local development. Some examples: City Councils, Associations, Provincial Councils, Foundations.


Basic skills

  1. That students have demonstrated to possess and understand knowledge in the area / s of study that starts from the base of general secondary education, and is usually found at a level, that although it is supported by advanced textbooks, it also includes some aspects that imply knowledge coming from the vanguard of their field of study.
  2. That students know how to apply their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional manner and possess the skills that are usually demonstrated through the elaboration and defense of arguments and problem solving within their area of study.
  3. That students have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their area of study to make judgments that include a reflection on relevant issues of social, scientific or ethical nature.
  4. That students can transmit information, ideas, problems and solutions to a specialized and non-specialized public.
  5. That the students have developed those learning skills necessary to undertake further studies with a high degree of autonomy.

General Competences

  1. Learning teamwork of interdisciplinary nature and ability for interpersonal relationships.
  2. Develop the capacity for learning and individual work, in an organized, creative and autonomous way.
  3. Capacity for individual initiative and preparation for decision making.
  4. Ability to apply knowledge to practice.
  5. Develop the capacity for reflection and critical reasoning.
  6. Analisis and synthesis capacity.
  7. Capacity for oral, written and graphic communication.
  8. Make oral and written presentations with scientific rigor.
  9. Ability to elaborate, write and present written scientific-academic texts, with the consequent demands of structuring, argumentation, precision and coherence.
  10. Acquire the skills, tools and techniques necessary for scientific work, research and professional practice.
  11. Use different types of documentary sources.
  12. Information management skills (ability to search, analyze and interpret information).
  13. Capacity for integration, interrelation and application of the theoretical, methodological and instrumental knowledge acquired during the Degree studies.
  14. Introduction to the scientific discussion.
  15. Develop an attitude of respect towards the environment based on the knowledge of the relationships between the elements that compose it.
  16. Knowledge of other cultures and customs, both in the present and in the past, under the economic prism and of spatial relationships and societies increasingly pluralistic ethnically and culturally.
  17. Appreciation of diversity and multiculturalism within economic options, spatial, geopolitical and cultural problems and of different societies.
  18. Ethical commitment from the principles of economics, social and historical reality and territorial equity.
  19. Generate sensitivity for diversity and territorial, social, cultural and gender problems.

Specific Competences

  1. Obtain basic and well-structured training on the facts and processes studied by Geography.
  2. Understand and interpret the geographical environment as a set of interrelations between facts, causes, processes and responses, as well as the variability and continuity of physical, human and spatial events.
  3. Understand and correctly apply the specific terminology of Geography.
  4. Develop the ability to generate, acquire, analyze and interpret information and data as a means of updating geographic knowledge.
  5. Ability to understand and refer the facts and processes that conform and occur in the geographical environment at the appropriate spatial and temporal scales.
  6. Properly handle the methods and techniques of graphic and cartographic representation typical of Geography and each of its subjects.
  7. Become aware of the complexity and diversity of the facts studied by Geography.
  8. Understand the factors and elements that explain the different ways of using and ordering space by man.
  9. Assess the contributions of the gender perspective in Geography studies.
  10. Explain the conceptions of geographical science, the fields of study and the professional opportunities of current Geography, in the context of the scientific disciplines of the 21st century.
  11. Ability to develop and interpret the results obtained with fieldwork.
  12. Skill for the knowledge and management of cartographic sources, statistics and documentaries more suitable for the study and geographical interpretation.
  13. Critical and comparative interpretation of the diversity of textual, cartographic and graphic documents produced by Geography.
  14. Ability to express geographical facts through indicators, variables and graphic and cartographic representations.
  15. Ability to interpret and analyze territorial phenomena through theories, concepts and scientific methods of Geography.
  16. Ability to apply the knowledge and skills acquired in the Degree to professional contexts (know-how).
  17. Reinforce the applied character of Geography.
  18. Adaptation to the world of work and the various fields of the geographer's profession.
  19. Ability to communicate and transmit specialized information to non-experts in the field (other professionals, social agents or the population in general).

Admission profile

There is no specific income profile given the open and inclusive nature of the Geography, in fact it can be accessed from any type of baccalaureate. However, it is recommended that the student of the degree in Geography have a special sensitivity for the physical-environmental aspects, the transformations caused by the intervention of man on the environment and the socioeconomic changes in the current world. For this, it is advisable to have basic knowledge of both human and social sciences and earth sciences.

Recommended subjects

  • Geography

Access, Pre-registration, Admission and Registration

In order to enroll in this Degree, special conditions or tests different from the general ones established by the basic state regulations are not provided.

Students with partial official university studies who wish to be admitted to this degree should consult the requirements in the section "Transfer of file" of the Academic Guide of the degree in this same web.

Academic and Professional Exits

Academic Outputs

Once you finish the Degree in Geography, we suggest you study one of the following University Master's degrees at the USAL , if you opt for a greater specialization:

  • Environmental Sciences (Specialty 2: Environment and Society)
  • Evaluation and Management of Cultural Heritage
  • ESO and Baccalaureate Teacher, Vocational Training and Language Teaching

Professional outings

The most common professional activities and / or outings for which the Degree in Geography qualifies:

  • Teaching in non-university levels (Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO), Baccalaureate or Vocational Training) after the completion of the Master's Degree in Professor of Compulsory Secondary Education and Baccalaureate, and Vocational Training.
  • Teaching and research in the university system.
  • Geographic Information Technologies: Geographic Information Systems (GIS), (Definition, development, implementation and management, Databases, Development and management of information and territorial indicators); Remote sensing and photogrammetry; Territorial Location Systems (GPS); Territorial and thematic cartography.
  • Socioeconomic and territorial development in the field of local and regional administration and consultancies.
  • Territorial and urban planning, linked to planning teams in the administration or the private company and / or consultancies.
  • Management and environmental planning with reference to Natural Spaces fundamentally.

Detailed information on the professional and employment profiles of geographers can be found in the bulletin No. XII of April 2008, epoch III, on the official website of the College of Geographers (

The profession of Geographer is regulated by the College of Geographers, approved by law 16/1999 of May 4 (BOE nº 107 of 5/5/1999).

The USAL facilitates your professional insertion. Links of interest:

  • Professional orientation.
  • Training for employment.
  • Employment exchange.
  • Advice on business creation.
  • Practices for students.
  • Practices for graduates.
Last updated Mar 2020

About the School

The University of Salamanca (Spanish: Universidad de Salamanca) is a Spanish higher education institution, located in the town of Salamanca, west of Madrid, in the autonomous community of Castile and ... Read More

The University of Salamanca (Spanish: Universidad de Salamanca) is a Spanish higher education institution, located in the town of Salamanca, west of Madrid, in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It was founded in 1134 and given the Royal charter of foundation by King Alfonso IX in 1218. It is the oldest founded university in Spain and the fourth oldest European university in continuous operations. The formal title of... Read less