Bachelor Program in Oceania

Compare Top Bachelor Programs in Oceania 2017

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Bachelor degree programs in Oceania are diverse and well-respected around the globe for their adherence to European-inspired standards of academic selectiveness, rigour and career-oriented curricula. The Bachelor degree system in Oceania closely resembles the British Bachelor system, offering both normal, or "pass" programs and "honours" programs for each field of study. Bachelor programs in Oceania typically take four years to complete, although accelerated or part time schedules may be available at some universities to work around students' schedules.

Australia is by far the largest island in Oceania, and it also has the largest population, followed by Papua New Guinea and then New Zealand. Those seeking Bachelor programs in Oceania will note that the islands and nations of Oceania are divided into four ethno-cultural regions: Australia, Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. There are a wide range of Bachelor programs offered by universities and institutions in Oceania. For example, Bachelor students in Oceania can study management, business, information systems, tourism and hospitality, computer science, marketing and much more.

To learn more about how you can take the first steps toward your future career, scroll down and read more about featured Bachelor programs at accredited universities and institutions in Oceania. You can request information to be sent to you directly from the schools in just minutes.

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Bachelor of Asian Languages

Australian National University - College Of Asia & The Pacific
Campus Full time January 2018 Australia Canberra

If you’re a lover of languages, then you’ll love ANU. In the 2016 QS World University Rankings, ANU was ranked number one in Australia and 26 in the world for modern languages. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. If you’re a lover of languages, then you’ll love ANU. In the 2016 QS World University Rankings, ANU was ranked number one in Australia and 26 in the world for modern languages. Whether you choose to study online or on campus, classes are interactive and you’ll be taught by leading language and culture specialists whilst having access to our state-of-the-art language learning facilities. Languages available include Burmese, Cantonese, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin, Mongolian, Sanskrit, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Taiwanese and Vietnamese. Selected languages are available for study online - visit our languages page to find out more. You may also be able to complete part of your program through immersion opportunities overseas. Overview Australia is increasingly looking to Asia - strategically, economically, politically, and culturally - and all eyes are on the graduates of tomorrow to take us there. Watch our video to find out how this degree will prepare you for a successful career in the Asian Century. With a Bachelor of Asian Studies you will master an Asian language, acquire in-depth contextual knowledge, and graduate with the kind of Asian literacy that gets you noticed by employers. And if you love adventure, we offer you a variety of study opportunities in the region so you can experience Asia first hand. Plus we’ll provide you with funding to help get you there. Employment Opportunities In today’s globalised world success for business, government and international organisations depends heavily on strong relationships with Asia. This means... [-]

Bachelor of Maori and Pacific Development

The University of Waikato
Campus Full time 3 years March 2018 New Zealand Hamilton

The Bachelor of Maori and Pacific Development is the only degree of its kind in New Zealand that is solely committed to critically assessing the relationship between development strategies and Maori and Pacific Island communities. [+]

Bachelor of Maori and Pacific Development Bachelor of Māori and Pacific Development is available for B semester 2017. From 2018, the Bachelor of Māori and Pacific Development will not be available for new enrolments. The Bachelor of Maori and Pacific Development is the only degree of its kind in New Zealand that is solely committed to critically assessing the relationship between development strategies and Maori and Pacific Island communities. The Bachelor of Māori and Pacific Development (BMPD) is an interdisciplinary three-year degree, which opens doors to careers working alongside Māori and Pacific Island communities to enhance their development and life choices. You will address the issues affecting Māori, Pacific and other Indigenous peoples facing the future, and will examine strategies to help iwi, hapu, whanau and communities for a sustainable future. Studying the BMPD you'll explore current economic, political and social issues, including Treaty of Waitangi principals, which will set you up for a career in local or national government, community leadership, policy, iwi, and tribal advisement. The programme of study considers areas of governance, capacity building, resource sustainability and globalisation, and the effects they have on Māori and Pacific Island groups at community, national and regional level. You can be assured that you are studying with the best. Our lecturers remain at the coalface of global development challenges and discourses including the refugee crisis, climate change, environmental issues, economic development challenges, labour migration, sustainable development, poverty and illiteracy. You will be learning with those who are recognised as development... [-]

Bachelor in International Business Administration

Stenden University Bali
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Indonesia Denpasar

Are you a born organiser?, Do you have entrepreneurial interests, not afraid of responsibilities and are you looking for a management programme which provides a wealth of professional opportunities? Then International Business Administration is perfect for you! Outstanding job prospects in the Indonesian and International job market & broad training that prepares you for a variety of professional fields. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. Are you a born organiser?, Do you have entrepreneurial interests, not afraid of responsibilities and are you looking for a management programme which provides a wealth of professional opportunities? Then International Business Administration is perfect for you! Outstanding job prospects in the Indonesian and International job market & broad training that prepares you for a variety of professional fields. One of the best ranked Business Administration and Business Management programmes (according to the ‘Keuzegids HBO 2013’, a guide to Dutch institutions of higher education for students and parents). Various specialisation possibilities: Marketing Communication, E-business, Change & Innovation and more. The acquisition of practical work experience at the Stenden training venue and through a work placement in a company. Career Opportunities With your professional knowledge, management skills and organisational talent, you will ensure that organisations run smoothly and that organisational objectives are achieved. You will advise management or take strategic or tactical decisions yourself and make sure employees and departments work well together, as well as effectively solve any issues you may come across. Graduates in International Business Administration have excellent career opportunities in their chosen field, finding work in the corporate sectors, consultancy firms and non-governmental organizations. Your training will provide you with the tools you need to successfully grow into a strategic management position. Careers open to you after graduating include : Branch Manager Project Manager Relations Manager Business Owner Head of Internal Organisation Business Consultant Export Manager Companies for internship and career prospects... [-]

Bachelor of Business in Hotel Management

The Hotel School Sydney & Melbourne
Campus Full time 3 years February 2018 Australia Sydney Melbourne + 1 more

Typically studied across a 3-year period, you will learn what it takes to operate a hotel to the satisfaction of your guests in the Bachelor of Business in Hotel Management. Providing hospitality to your guests – as well as managing administration and leading your staff – demands attention to detail and great people skills. You’ll develop skills in managing organizations, food and beverage, marketing, global tourism practices, financial management, business law, competitive strategy and human resources management, among many other subjects. [+]

Bachelor of Business in Hotel Management There are hotels everywhere and a business hospitality degree will set you up for a global career. Effective and successful management of hotels, cruise ships, events and other types of hospitality can mean the difference between an amazing experience for your guests and visitors, or developing a poor reputation in a highly competitive industry. Your ability to see the whole picture, manage a wide variety of guests as well as inspire your staff to work diligently will be proved by your success. The Bachelor of Business in Hotel Management is the ideal starting point for anyone looking to make a career in hospitality-related businesses, focusing on management. Typically studied across a 3-year period, you will learn what it takes to operate a hotel to the satisfaction of your guests in the Bachelor of Business in Hotel Management. Providing hospitality to your guests – as well as managing administration and leading your staff – demands attention to detail and great people skills. You’ll develop skills in managing organizations, food and beverage, marketing, global tourism practices, financial management, business law, competitive strategy and human resources management, among many other subjects. Course Summary 3 years full-time or part-time equivalent# Sydney or Melbourne International students welcome 3 intakes per year: February, July, November 24 subjects / 288 credit points FEE-HELP available CRICOS code: 086102E Course Units Core Managing Organisations Food and Beverage Operations Hospitality Services Management Communication in Organisations Introduction to Professional Practice Accommodation Operations Marketing Principles Tourism... [-]

Bachelor of Early Childhood Education and Care (Birth-5)

Hunter TAFE - Australia
Campus Full time 4 years January 2018 Australia Newcastle

The Bachelor of Early Childhood Education and Care (Birth-5) aims to develop early childhood teachers who can integrate theoretical knowledge into practical education and care skills in the workplace. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. The Bachelor of Early Childhood Education and Care (Birth-5) aims to develop early childhood teachers who can integrate theoretical knowledge into practical education and care skills in the workplace. There is a strong, applied learning focus to this degree so that when you graduate, you'll be prepared to work with children in a variety of settings including long day care, preschool, integrated child and family services and early intervention services. The academic and theoretical content are supplemented by work experience which will allow you to apply what you've learned in a real world environment. You will study child development and pedagogical practices, ethics, diversity and social justice. During your work placement, you will have the opportunity to test your theoretical understanding in a real workplace. The four-year degree offers: Experience in the workplace. You'll complete eight separate professional experience placements throughout the program. These will be in the form of block placements for 5 days a week for 2 to 4 weeks in each semester of study. This will give you an outstanding opportunity to put the knowledge you have acquired into practice. A multidisciplinary approach. You'll gain practical skills with a strong theoretical underpinning. You'll reflect on your practical experiences as you learn. A supportive learning environment. Students will learn in small classes and enjoy learning from experienced, qualified teachers. TAFE NSW understands the learning needs of its students and has developed its teaching style accordingly. An industry-recognised qualification that will allow you to... [-]

Bachelor of Arts and Media

Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology
Campus Full time Part time 3 years February 2018 New Zealand Nelson Auckland + 2 more

Our Bachelor of Arts and Media programme will provide you with the fundamental skills to move into personal practice or a variety of careers within the arts, design and media industries, or to pursue further study. [+]

Study art and design in the creative hub of Nelson. Based in a region blessed with stunning natural landscapes and an abundance of sunshine hours, you'll be able to draw on the same creative influences that have attracted more than 350 practicing artists and designers to the region. Our Bachelor of Arts and Media programme will provide you with the fundamental skills to move into personal practice or a variety of careers within the arts, design and media industries, or to pursue further study. You'll develop the ability to generate innovative ideas and design solutions grounded in academic and technical excellence, effective use of visual language and extensive specialist knowledge in 2-D and 3-D design including painting, graphic design, animation, photography, digital video, illustration and jewellery. The studio courses offered in the degree are flexible enough to enable you to follow your own interests and directions. You have the option to select your own pathway so you can specialise in the subject that most suits your career aspirations. Entry requirements Academic Requirements http://www.nmit.ac.nz/study/applying/entry-requirements/ [-]

Bachelor of Business Administration

SCPU Business School
Online Full time Part time 3 - 6 years Open Enrollment Switzerland Lausanne + 1 more

The Bachelor of Business Administration is a 360 credit size qualification (UK). This Program can be studied as both a stand alone program, or as a 1 year extension to the Associate Degree in Administration.
 [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. The Bachelor of Business Administration is a 360 credit size qualification (UK). This Program can be studied as both a stand alone program, or as a 1 year extension to the Associate Degree in Management.
 Students with a Bachelor degree from an approved institution, Advanced or Higher Diploma can apply to enrol into the final (Diploma 6) year. This qualification in Business and Administrative management culminates at OFQUAL Level 6 has been developed to conform to the requirements of the United Kingdom QCF, to meet the requirements of employers, the needs of learners of our centres. The qualification is not tied to any specific industry but delivers the skills, knowledge and understanding that are required by learners aspiring to roles in business and administrative management in different sectors on a domestic and international platform. Year 1 (OFQUAL Level 4) 
Business Environment  
Resource Management 
 Communication Skills  
People in Organisations 
 Applying Promotional Techniques  
Corporate Social Responsibility  
Finance for Management 
 Customer Relationship Management
 Year 2 (OFQUAL Level 5) 
Managing Communication
 Business Organisations in a Global Context
 People Management
 Finance for Managers 
Research Project 
Marketing Principles and Practice 
Planning a New Business Venture 
Business Law 

 Year 3 (OFQUAL Level 6) 
Strategic Management  
The Dynamics of Leadership 
 Management Information Systems for Business 
 Advance Finance for Decision Makers 
 Marketing Management in Business  
Customer Focus for Strategic Advantage 
 Leadership Skills Managing 
 Risk in Business
 This program is designed to partially fulfil the Full Member membership requirements of the Institute of Management Specialists... [-]

Bachelor of Communication (Advertising)

Charles Sturt University
Campus Full time Part time 3 - 6 years January 2018 Australia Port Macquarie Bathurst + 2 more

CSU’s Bachelor of Communication (Advertising) prepares you for the world of advertising. The course has a global communication perspective, where national borders are often irrelevant and audiences are fluid and changeable. [+]

Are you ready for the dynamic and constantly changing world of advertising? Are you a creative problem solver who loves fast-paced teamwork and excels at communication? CSU’s Bachelor of Communication (Advertising) prepares you for the world of advertising. The course has a global communication perspective, where national borders are often irrelevant and audiences are fluid and changeable. This course equips you with solid skills for strategic planning, research and client management, in addition to the creative, media and channel communication skills required to be an effective and sought-after graduate. Learn in authentic, intimate spaces with a real agency organisational culture and structure, not just a room full of computers and equipment with simulated activities. Importantly, at CSU you will gain extensive hands-on experience working in our on-campus student advertising agency, Kajulu Communications. Here, you will work on projects for real, paying clients. The experience offered through Kajulu Communications is enhanced by industry placements in Australia and overseas. As a result, CSU’s advertising graduates are often the first choice of advertising and media agency employers. Why study this course? There are many reasons to choose CSU’s Bachelor of Communication (Advertising): You will gain extensive practical experience working with real clients in Kajulu Communications, CSU’s award-winning student advertising agency. Kajulu teams have won 11 of the past 14 International Advertising Association’s Big Idea titles since the inception of the competition in 2003, with Kajulu Red taking the title in 2016. CSU boasts a proud industry reputation and a history of high achievers... [-]

Bachelor of Business in Marketing

Avondale College of Higher Education
Campus Full time Part time 3 years March 2018 Australia Cooranbong Wahroonga + 2 more

Avondale’s marketing program will allow you to understand and utilise the various tools and frameworks used to develop effective advertising strategies. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. Bachelor of Business in Marketing Course Overview In today’s competitive marketplace, an Avondale business degree will put you one step ahead of the rest. Whether your passion is accounting, human resources, marketing, or a combination of these, a Bachelor of Business will help you to open doors to a wide range of career opportunities. The degree is designed to teach you the business essentials such as how to be an effective leader, market a product, budget, and sell your ideas. You will also explore how the economy functions and what it entails to manage your own business, giving you a strong understanding of business practice and strategy. Marketing Major Overview Avondale’s marketing program will allow you to understand and utilise the various tools and frameworks used to develop effective advertising strategies. You will learn about consumer behaviour, strategic principles, and understanding external and internal factors that impact the performance of a business. Course Code 4350 Course Duration Three years full-time (or part-time equivalent) Study Mode On-Campus Accreditation The Bachelor of Business course is accredited by the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA). Careers Product Marketing Manager, Public Relations Officer, Advertising Executive, Market Researcher, Advertising and Creative Concept Producer, and Business and Marketing Executive [-]

Bachelor of Applied Management

Toi Ohomai Institute of Technology
Campus Full time Part time 3 years July 2017 New Zealand Rotorua + 1 more

Take a holistic view of organisations and examine the interface between education, organisations and the community from a socioeconomic perspective to a specific business field. [+]

Programme information Tuition fee $19,950 Intakes February, May, July, November Minimum IELTS 6.0 with no band less than 5.5 Duration (length of study) 3 years Programme aim This degree offers students a programme of study that will enable them to take a holistic view of organisations and examine the interface between education, organisations and the community from a socioeconomic perspective to a specific business field. This qualification will provide students with the skills and knowledge of management required to successfully work in the business sector of Aotearoa/New Zealand. This degree also aims to provide regional contextualisation for applied management study. Award information To achieve the award of the Bachelor of Applied Management, students must pass a total of 360 credits, including: a maximum of 150 credits at Level 5; a minimum of 120 credits at Level 6; a minimum of 90 credits at Level 7. Single Major 195 compulsory credits; 75 credits in a chosen major and 45 additional credits from the Options List; and 45 elective credits. Double Major 195 compulsory credits; 150 credits in two chosen majors (75 for each major) from the Options List; and 15 elective credits. Double major (which includes Accounting as one major) 195 compulsory credits; and 165 credits in two chosen majors (includes 90 credits for the accounting major) from the Options List. NZICA Pathway To achieve the NZICA Pathway, students must achieve all compulsory courses, all courses within the Accounting major specific options list, MGMT.5920 and MGMT.6911. Knowledge and skills you will... [-]

Bachelor of Information Technology

University of South Australia
Campus or Online Full time Part time 3 years January 2018 Australia Adelaide + 1 more

This program builds upon the University of South Australia’s flagship programs as an ‘all round’ degree that enables graduates to move into rewarding careers as IT professionals. The Bachelor of Information Technology provides you with the passport to a career in computing, software development and the information services industries. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. This program builds upon the University of South Australia’s flagship programs as an ‘all round’ degree that enables graduates to move into rewarding careers as IT professionals. The Bachelor of Information Technology provides you with the passport to a career in computing, software development and the information services industries. You will be exposed to real world applications and the latest research developments and technologies through industry placements, internships and research projects with industry partners, providing you with greater employment prospects after graduation. In this program you get the choice to select either two minors within the IT school or one IT minor as well as another minor in a different discipline within the University. Popular cross-disciplinary minors include: Digital Media, Innovation and Entrepreneurship and Marketing. This allows you to diversify your skill set and enhance your employability in areas such as business, healthcare or education. You will also have access to UniSA’s IT Innovation Studio and IT Development Studio. These facilities will prepare you for a career in IT by combining real-life experience with the knowledge to succeed. The Division of Information Technology, Engineering and the Environment is a world-leader in information technology teaching and research situated in Technology Park, a world-class location nestled among 80 companies creating the perfect environment for collaboration and innovation. In 2015, 97 per cent of our University’s research had been assessed at a world-class standard or above by the Excellence in Research for Australia ratings which included the fields... [-]

Bachelor of Business (International Restaurant Management)

Le Cordon Bleu Australia
Campus Full time 3 years January 2018 Australia Adelaide Sydney + 1 more

Welcome to the world of hospitality in business. Become a creative leader in the fast-paced world of restaurant management. With Le Cordon Bleu you’ll learn to bring the best of people skills, knowledge and conceptual understanding to the realities of creating and running a successful restaurant. [+]

Bachelor of Business (International Restaurant Management) Welcome to the world of hospitality in business. Become a creative leader in the fast-paced world of restaurant management. With Le Cordon Bleu you’ll learn to bring the best of people skills, knowledge and conceptual understanding to the realities of creating and running a successful restaurant. The Bachelor of Business (International Restaurant Management) will teach you critical analysis of management styles, and the strategic thinking required to succeed in this industry. Pragmatic business simulations and two professional work-based opportunities will help you shape your career. You’ll gain professional experience, knowledge and skills in real work environments. Offered in: Adelaide and Sydney Career paths Restaurant Manager, Banquet Manager, Food & Beverage Manager, Financial Controller, Catering Manager, Bar/Café owner. Program structure STAGE 1: ON-CAMPUS (6 MONTHS) Kitchen Operations Management Food and Beverage Service Communication Wine Fundamentals Food and Beverage Management Finance 1 Stage 1 Industry Workshop Management Concepts STAGE 2: PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE 1 (6 MONTHS) Professional Experience 1 (Theory) Professional Experience 1 STAGE 3: ON CAMPUS (6 MONTHS) Introduction To Marketing Finance 2 Human Resource Management The Hospitality Experience Restaurant Concepts and Management Food Quality Management Culinary Practice STAGE 4: PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE 2 (6 MONTHS) Professional Experience 2 (Theory) Professional Experience 2 STAGE 5: ON CAMPUS (12 MONTHS) Advanced Marketing Leadership and Management in Action Hospitality Business Law Entrepreneurship and Business Management Strategic Management Quality Service Management Decision Making For Managers Food and Wine Philosophy PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (2 x 6 MONTHS) You will apply the skills... [-]

Bachelor of Psychological Science (Honours)

Bond University
Campus Full time 36 weeks January 2018 Australia Robina

The Bachelor of Psychological Science (Honours) is designed to provide students with an integrated, comprehensive, and complete education in the discipline of psychology. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS Completion of an accredited three year sequence of study in Psychology in Australia or equivalent. IELTS score of 7.0 with no band score less than 6.5. Applicants must have a minimum GPA of 2.5 on the Bond University 4.0 scale for all second and third year Psychology subjects and are assessed on academic merit. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Bachelor of Psychological Science (Honours) is designed to provide students with an integrated, comprehensive, and complete education in the discipline of psychology. You will undertake advanced training in a range of methodological (research methods, psychometrics, statistics) and applied areas, and develop competence in conducting research. All applied material is based on the scientist-practitioner model, and evidence- based approaches to psychological intervention are stressed. The program will provide you with advanced education and training in the core psychology graduate attributes, including but not limited to the following: Advanced theoretical and empirical knowledge in some of the core research areas of the discipline Knowledge of the theoretical and empirical bases underpinning the construction, implementation and interpretation of some of the most widely used cognitive and personality assessments Knowledge of the theoretical and empirical bases underpinning evidenced based approached to psychological intervention Explaining how the science and practice of psychology is influenced by social, historical, professional and cultural contexts PROGRAM STRUCTURE Foundation Thesis Subjects (2) Honours Thesis 1: Research Seminar and Ethics Honours Thesis 2 Foundation Coursework Subjects (3) Human Experimental Psychology Multivariate Research Methods Principles of Psychological Assessment... [-]

Bachelor of Fine Arts

Whitecliffe College of Arts & Design
Campus Full time March 2018 New Zealand Auckland

Whitecliffe Fine Arts graduates create compelling and powerful visual expressions of their ideas. By understanding and operating within the ever-expanding field of visual art, they learn to adapt quickly, think critically, and take a lead in shaping contemporary culture. [+]

Bachelor of Fine Arts Whitecliffe Fine Arts graduates create compelling and powerful visual expressions of their ideas. By understanding and operating within the ever-expanding field of visual art, they learn to adapt quickly, think critically, and take a lead in shaping contemporary culture.

The development of a sustainable art practice through a variety of creative media is the cornerstone of Fine Arts study at Whitecliffe. Students explore traditional and contemporary materials, techniques and approaches in relation to their projects. Each student's understanding of theoretical and visual issues is developed and challenged in order to help them position their work in relation to relevant national and international art. Exploration Fine Arts students develop skills and experience with painting, printmaking, photography, video, digital media and spatial installation. From entering the Fine Arts major in year two, students respond to set assignments which develop formal and conceptual skills while leaving latitude for individual thematic interpretation. As students progress they are encouraged to reflect upon the strengths of their work and develop their own creative voice. This process enables them to have an increasing hand in the development of their own programmes of study while remaining under the close supervision of lecturers. Students majoring in Fine Arts they are mainly situated St Georges Bay Road Studios and are assigned their own studio facilities with access seven days a week. In addition to receiving regular feedback on their work throughout the course (sometimes from external sources), students must stage assessment exhibitions within their studios... [-]

Bachelor of Management

School of Business and Management ITB
Campus Full time 3 years July 2017 Indonesia Bandung Jakarta + 1 more

The future of our world is characterized by rapid and unexpected changes, accompanied by global competition; this is where networking becomes very important. These rapid and unexpected changes obsolete knowledge, hence the best ways of today may not necessarily suitable for future uses. Therefore, the abilities to promptly take decisions and to be creative are needed. [+]

Best Bachelors in Oceania 2017. The future of our world is characterized by rapid and unexpected changes, accompanied by global competition; this is where networking becomes very important. These rapid and unexpected changes obsolete knowledge, hence the best ways of today may not necessarily suitable for future uses. Therefore, the abilities to promptly take decisions and to be creative are needed. Answering global challenges, Bachelor of Management besides its general management has also international business class. Bachelor of Management seeks to enable the students to develop skills in business and to run various functions of management whilst also considering ethics, integrity and social responsibility. Its curriculum consists of minimum 144 undergraduate credits, which can be completed in nine semesters or three years. SBM ITB has the advantage to accelerate the study progress through short semesters, making it possible to graduate a year early when compared with other schools/faculties in ITB. A comprehensive curriculum which includes studying, putting into practice and developing management science, the functions of business, the basic principles of leadership and the ability to communicate, as well as providing students with an understanding of business ethics and the ability to think analytically. Aim To produce Graduates in Management who are able to conduct analysis and plan systems of management, and are highly skilled in using management concepts and frameworks together with technology to solve management problems in a business; who have leadership qualities and are able to make management decisions as well as skillfully communicate effectively; and are... [-]