A primary objective for the degree course in Philosophy, structured into a single syllabus, is that of providing a consolidated foundation in traditional areas of philosophy, which can be identified in the sectors within M-FIL/01-08, all part of this course’s syllabus.
Bachelors 2017 in Parma Italy. Official Program Description
Bachelor Course without admission test
• 5 places available for non EU citizens
The primary aim of the three-year Philosophical Studies course, structured in a single program, is that of providing a solid basic knowledge of the traditional areas of philosophy, both from a historical and theoretical standpoint. Ample space is given to history of philosophy, structured traditionally from ancient to contemporary philosophy, with particular attention to reading the classics of philosophical thinking. Logical-linguistic instruction provides the tools for the study of contemporary analytic philosophy. A third area, represented by ethical-political, sociological and aesthetic studies, concentrates on contemporaneity and the complex relationship between philosophy and human sciences. The strictly philosophical training is complemented by historical studies, with the aim of promoting students’ access to traditional career opportunities such as teaching.
In general, the course aims to develop students’ analytical, critical and argumentative skills. This can be encouraged by the combination of two factors: the limited number of students enrolled in the course as well as the favourable numerical ratio between the professors and students; both circumstances provide opportunities, not possible in other courses, for active participation during lectures and seminars.
The course offers a solid theoretical base for the development of interdisciplinary skills that can be employed in different professional environments that can differ greatly from traditional teaching careers: professions connected with publishing, information, preparation of cultural events, intercultural mediation, public relations, and organization of work and staff in public and private companies.
For admission to the course, students should have a secondary higher school diploma, or another qualification taken abroad and recognized as equivalent in accordance with current legislation. Other educational and cultural requisites may be required in accordance with article 10 of the University’s Academic Regulations. Any such requisites are specified in the course Manifesto.
However, no particular expertise in specifically philosophical or historical-philosophical skills are required. In the first few days following the start of the course, students will be given a writing test to verify their capacity for expression and argumentation. Students showing grave problems in this area will have to follow a preparatory course lasting three months, on the subject of philosophy and “critical thinking,” in accordance with an approach that is common in many European Union countries.
KEY LEARNING OUTCOMES
A primary objective for the degree course in Philosophy, structured into a single syllabus, is that of providing a consolidated foundation in traditional areas of philosophy, which can be identified in the sectors within M-FIL/01-08, all part of this course’s syllabus. Considerable space is dedicated to the history of philosophy, subdivided into its traditional fields, and to moral and political philosophy, with additional teachings in the areas of sociology and the history of political thought. The inclusion of logic and linguistic subject areas is designed to develop students’ skills in argumentation, and it also represents a preparation for more detailed analytical philosophical studies.
As regards the content of the specific areas of knowledge imparted by the course, students will attain a satisfactory grasp (a) of the principal texts by a fair number of classical authors in the area of philosophy; (b) of the different concepts of the philosophical method, (c) of the directions in which the argument on the theory of knowledge is moving, (d) of the principal positions in the field of moral and political philosophy, (e) of the principal positions in the field of philosophy of the mind (students interested have the chance of directly attending lectures by authoritative contemporary neuroscientists), (f) of the fundamental notions of modern logic and the philosophy of language.
Students in the three-year cycle are required to combine knowledge regarding historical subjects with their purely philosophical studies. The reasons for this can be found on the one hand in the traditionally close relationship between history and philosophy, and on the other in the necessity of contextualizing moral and political philosophical notions against a backdrop of fundamental historical and social knowledge. Historical subjects are compulsorily accompanied by lectures in general sociology, in accordance with Parma University’s consolidated approach of attention to the contemporary situation. To this is added the objective of giving students professionally significant employment opportunities, such as access to teaching.
An independent academic approach has been created that develops students’ skills in analysis, their critical judgement and their argumentation. At the same time, the foundation training offered by the course provides a solid base for further study in the various areas of contemporary philosophical research – the history of philosophy, moral and political philosophy, and analytical philosophy.
As regards the capacity of “using at least one European Union language, as well as Italian, effectively in written and oral form, within the specific area of use and for the exchange of general information,” 3 credits are assigned to the language examination, which yields an assessment of eligibility or ineligibility. The University’s language centre provides the necessary educational support, according to methods determined by the University and the Faculty of Literature. During the final examination, specific attention will be dedicated to ensuring that students show familiarity with significant parts of foreign language literature regarding the chosen theme.
The course guarantees access to the Master’s Degree course in Philosophy, and it is configured in such a way as to integrate with the following two-year cycle. At the same time, the course also provides access towards the possibility of teaching in secondary schools, in classes of History and Philosophy, with access to the respective successive courses without any gaps in preparation. In addition, the course, within the limitations represented by the three-year duration, provides a solid foundation for professional roles in communications, cultural training, publishing, the promotion and multimedia distribution of culture, and the communications, organizational and planning activities performed by public and private-sector structures.
FINAL EXAMINATION, IF ANY
Essay and respective discussion. The essay should consist of a number of pages varying from about thirty to fifty. It will include a structured bibliography. Students will have to present the hypothesis or stance that they intend to adopt with clarity, using relevant lines of argument. In addition, they have to contextualize their chosen subject in the respective scientific subject area.