Nanotechnology refers to the branch of science and engineering devoted to designing, producing, and using structures, devices, and systems by manipulating atoms and molecules at the nanoscale, i.e. having one or more dimensions of the order of 100 nanometres (100 millionths of a millimeter) or less. Due to a reduction in the size of the material to the nanoscale dimensions, the nanomaterials have reinforced properties such as increment of hardness, strength, wear resistance, electrical and electrocatalytic properties, compared to the conventional materials.
Materials scientists work to understand those property changes and utilize them in the processing and manufacture of materials at the nanoscale. Material science and nanotechnology is a broad-based discipline that covers the discovery, design, characterization, properties, and end-use of nanoscale materials.
Designed and created materials have transformed every aspect of modern living, and advances in engineered materials are crucial to the continued vitality of countless industries—including aerospace, automotive, biomedical, chemical, construction, electronics, energy, and telecommunications.
The main mission of the Materials Science and Nanotechnology Engineering program is to understand, discover, produce, and develop new materials that improve life quality.