There is a growing need for female engineers with a strong educational background in Electrical and Computer Engineering. The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (E.C.E.) at Effat University offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Students in the E.C.E. program will be introduced to topics important to the computer engineering field such as computer hardware design, computer networks and software engineering, as well as to topics in electrical engineering, such as communications and signal processing, microelectronics and integrated circuits, wireless communications, microwaves electronics, computer-aided design and control systems.
Electrical and computer engineers have an influence on all facets of modern life due to the domination of communications, modern electronics, information processing, and the internet. They apply the hardware and/or software skills for the design and development of modern systems. They require a strong foundation in mathematics and basic sciences. The E.C.E. curriculum is designed to provide students with the skills they will need to develop professionally.
The E.C.E. Department offers four areas of concentration:
- Digital Systems
- Control Systems and Robotics
Digital Systems primarily involves the design and utilization of digital system hardware and software. Almost every electronic device made today contains a digital system in the form of application-dependent digital interfaces or microprocessors. Digital systems involve discrete, quantized electrical signals which are represented by strings of binary digits. The major topics include Boolean algebra, combinational logic design, sequential logic design, digital integrated circuits, programmable logic devices, computer design, and microprocessor hardware and software. Typical end-products of a digital system designer are computers, microprocessors, video games, industrial data acquisition and control systems, medical instrumentation, and automobile instrumentation. The ultimate products developed within many of the Electrical and Computer Engineering areas are often implemented with digital systems, including control systems, telecommunications systems, and signal processing systems.
The field of communications is concerned with processing signals and finding the best way to transmit and receive signals, which may be voice, picture, or computer data. Communications engineering is a rapidly growing field. In just one century, it has progressed from telegraph systems capable of sending only a few letters per second over wires. Now, wired and wireless communications systems are capable of sending voice, pictures, and digital data anywhere in the world at very high rates. Advances in communications make possible modern devices such as the telephone, radio, television, computer modems, FAX machines, and radio navigation systems. Other devices, such as Compact Discs (CDs), computer disks, and magnetic tapes are also communication systems since they transfer a message through time via an optical or magnetic medium.
Electronic devices form the building blocks of most computers and electrical systems. Some examples of systems are telephones, radios, television, controllers, oscilloscopes, logic gates, memories, digital systems, computers, power circuits and instrumentation systems. Analysis of devices and circuits is an essential task in the evaluation of these systems. The designers and engineers of this field conceive and design these building blocks while engineers in other areas develop systems using these building blocks.
The dividing line between device and circuit has been blurred considerably since the advent of integrated circuits. It is important for every circuit designer to know something about how devices work. The student should have a wide spectrum of courses in communications, control, analog electronics, microprocessors, and very large scale integrated (VLSI). Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) is the product of the latest revolution in the development of integrated circuits. VLSI is becoming the basic building block for digital and computer electronics. Customized VLSI signal processing chips have been used, for example, to improve the functionality of modern systems since microprocessor-controlled instrumentation is already a reality.
Control Systems and Robotics
Control systems permeate life in all advanced societies today. Control systems are integral parts of applications such as automatic toasters, heating and cooling systems, washers and dryers, space vehicles, robots and industrial processes. Control systems concern with methods to regulate and optimize quantities such as force, stress, temperature, altitude, and speed over time. For example, control methods are used to control work process of many equipments such as launch processes of spaceships, airplanes, automobiles, heater temperature, elevators, machines, power plants, and medical treatment devices. The system quantities being controlled are sensed, fed back and used to control the system. The theory of control is based on firm mathematical foundations including differential equations, optimization and stability theory. Due to advances in computer technology, many industrial companies use computers for control purposes. The control systems area affects, in one way or another, all other engineering disciplines.
This school offers programs in:
Last updated February 12, 2018