BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America

View all Bachelor of Science Programs in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018

Life Sciences

A BSc (Bachelor of Science) is an undergraduate degree that prepares students for a career in their field of study. While the degree is often related to courses in the realm of science, students in non-science fields can also earn a BSc.

When studying biological & life sciences, students learn different characteristics of natural science. Depending on the area of focus, students may study the human body, plant biology, or animal science in order to help with real-world problems.

The United States of America commonly called the United States, is a federal republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district. The 48 contiguous states and the federal district of Washington, D.C. are in first North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in northwestern North America, west of Canada and east of Russia across the Bering Strait, and the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-North Pacific. The country also has five populated and nine unpopulated territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

View all Bachelor of Science Degrees in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018

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Bachelor of Science in Equestrian Science

William Woods University
Campus Part time 4 years September 2017 USA Fulton

The first university in the United States to offer a four-year degree in equestrian science, William Woods has been the name to know in equestrian studies since 1924. The William Woods University Equestrian Bachelor of Science in Equestrian Science combines a strong theoretical foundation with the riding, teaching, training and business skills you will need for a successful equine career as a trainer, teacher or stable manager in the... [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. Bachelor of Science in Equestrian Science The first university in the United States to offer a four-year degree in equestrian science, William Woods has been the name to know in equestrian studies since 1924. The William Woods University Equestrian Bachelor of Science in Equestrian Science combines a strong theoretical foundation with the riding, teaching, training and business skills you will need for a successful equine career as a trainer, teacher or stable manager in the booming $112 billion equine industry. Our large, modern equestrian complex will provide you with an excellent educational experience in both classroom and field. Our traditional approach to horsemanship involves the four disciplines of dressage, hunter/jumper, saddle seat and western. Essential skills you will learn include: Small business fundamentals The anatomy of movement Digestive physiology and feeding programs Proper farrier methods and variations of shoeing Breed/type evaluation for performance and conformation Logistics of teaching and managing a lesson program Overview of the horse industry and employment opportunities Equine health and first aid Day-to-day care of horses Designing and managing a stable Advanced business practices for a horse opetion Riding and teaching techniques for the four disciplines: dressage, hunter/jumper, saddle seat and western. Organizations Get more involved with other students who share your interests through the five equestrian organizations on campus, open to all students regardless of major. There is a club for each seat: dressage, hunter/jumper, saddle seat and western. Each of these clubs has its own... [-]

B.S. in Agriculture and Natural Resources

University of Delaware
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Newark

By choosing courses in Animal and Food Sciences; Applied Economics and Statistics; Entomology and Wildlife Ecology; and Plant and Soil Sciences, students gain practical experience in the various subjects that make up the field of agriculture and natural resources. [+]

FEED THE WORLD, PROTECT THE PLANET We offer an interdisciplinary major with the same name as our college. There has never been a more immediate and pressing need for agriculture and natural resource professionals than now. The field of agriculture and natural resources needs generalists to educate others, and address real-world problems of feeding the world and protecting the planet. With a working farm right on main campus, students have unparalleled access to a 350-acre classroom, where they gain practical experience by actively testing their knowledge in real-world settings. Students regularly engage with faculty from each of the college’s departments for hands-on experiences, research opportunities and connections to communities. What’s special about this program? Students in the major experience all that the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources has to offer. By choosing courses in Animal and Food Sciences; Applied Economics and Statistics; Entomology and Wildlife Ecology; and Plant and Soil Sciences, students gain practical experience in the various subjects that make up the field of agriculture and natural resources. Students have flexibility in their curriculum, allowing them to sample different areas while making them appealing to employers looking for graduates with diverse backgrounds in agriculture and natural resources. AREAS OF STUDY Wildlife Conservation & Ecology Insects and Society Food for Thought Animals, Science & Society Crop Science Soil Science Statistics Economics of Agriculture and Natural Resources CAREER OPTIONS Poultry Company Management Agricultural Research Crop Consulting Animal Care Environmental Control Farm Manager Cooperative Extension Agent Agricultural Education Agricultural Sales Animal... [-]

Bachelor in Agriculture Science

Northwest Missouri State University
Campus Full time 4 years January 2018 USA Maryville

The Agricultural Science major at Northwest is an interdisciplinary program that prepares students for a career in a variety of agricultural-related occupations and farm operations. This major provides an opportunity to explore interests in agriculture. Students will gain the fundamental skills in agricultural economics, plant science, animal science and soils. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. The Agricultural Science major at Northwest is an interdisciplinary program that prepares students for a career in a variety of agricultural-related occupations and farm operations. This major provides an opportunity to explore interests in agriculture. Students will gain the fundamental skills in agricultural economics, plant science, animal science and soils. Career Opportunities More than 94% of students who graduated with a degree in agriculture science obtained employment or continued their education within six months after graduation. The following is a listing of common positions for graduates with an agricultural science major: Agricultural Journalist Environmental Science Farm Manager Production Agriculture Sales Representative *Based on self-reported data in recent years. Learning Resources R.T. Wright University Laboratory Farm is a 448-acre facility that provides profession-based learning experience with livestock and crops. Profession-Based Learning Experiences Study Abroad is an opportunity for students to apply hands-on international experience to their own academic development. Faculty members supervise short-term study abroad programs that prepare students before, during and after the program. Two types of study abroad programs are available – faculty-led and traditional study abroad. The traditional program may be a semester, summer or year-long program and is taught by Northwest’s international partner institutions. Students of from the agriculture school have studied in Puerto Rico, Ireland and Germany. Internships Although internships are not required in the agricultural science major, they are highly encouraged to gain hands-on, real-world experience. Requirements 55 Credit Hours Agricultural science prepares students for a... [-]

Bachelor in Biochemistry

Indiana University Kokomo
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Kokomo

The objective of the B.S. in Biochemistry program is to prepare students for health-related professional schools including medical, pharmacy, and dental school, as well as for admission to graduate programs in biochemistry, molecular biology, and biological sciences. Students with a diverse background in chemistry and biochemistry are ready to address challenges in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. [+]

The objective of the B.S. in Biochemistry program is to prepare students for health-related professional schools including medical, pharmacy, and dental school, as well as for admission to graduate programs in biochemistry, molecular biology, and biological sciences. Students with a diverse background in chemistry and biochemistry are ready to address challenges in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Graduates of the biochemistry program have the appropriate background for a wide range of careers. They can enter professional schools (medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, etc.). They can directly work in a variety of settings including toxicology labs, pharmaceutical labs, and basic research labs. In addition, the combined chemistry/biology background students will develop, coupled with the appropriate education courses, will position them well to teach either of these subjects in high school. The unique feature of this degree program is the preparation of students to understand the biochemistry of cells, such as metabolism, cytokinetics, and enzyme kinetics. Students with this degree are well prepared to address issues of the effects of increasing concentrations of some of the components of modern materials (for example, plasticizers and polymer constituents) on the physiology of various species. Students also experience undergraduate research and gain skills at presenting research data at conferences and in journals. Degree Requirements The degree requirement for the B.S. in Biochemistry includes 120 credits with a GPA of at least 2.0. 30 of the last 60 credits must be completed at IU Kokomo. In addition to courses required for the campus-wide general education curriculum, students must... [-]

Biochemistry

International Accelerator
Campus September 2017 USA Boston

Biochemistry focuses on the structure and function of biomolecules—proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids—and encompasses all the chemical processes of organisms. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. Biochemistry Biochemistry focuses on the structure and function of biomolecules—proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids—and encompasses all the chemical processes of organisms. The B.A. Biochemistry major includes one year of biochemistry, including laboratories, as well as upper-division courses in gene expression and biological physical chemistry. Biological Sciences The College of Liberal Arts & Sciences offers undergraduate major programs in Biochemistry, Biology, Human Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biosciences. Students may also choose to concentrate in areas such as botany, cellular biology, developmental biology, environmental biology, ecology,entomology, genetics, marine biology, molecular biology, neurobiology, paleontology, physiology, systematics, or zoology (vertebrate or invertebrate). Biology is a branch of the natural sciences, and is the study of living organisms and how they interact with their environment. Biology deals with every aspect of life in a living organism and examines the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living things. [-]

Bachelor in Forestry

Paul Smith's College
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Paul Smiths

Bachelors Degree in Forestry - Built on a longstanding Adirondack tradition, forestry education at Paul Smith’s College equips students with a foundation of technical, field-based and applied education that combines theory and practice. [+]

Bachelors Degree in Forestry Built on a longstanding Adirondack tradition, forestry education at Paul Smith’s College equips students with a foundation of technical, field-based and applied education that combines theory and practice. Bachelor’s degrees are offered in three concentrations: Ecological Forest Management prepares students for positions with government forestry agencies, forestry consulting firms and non-governmental organizations. Forestry Operations is a fit for students interested in working for forest-products companies or running their own forest-products firm. Forest Biology is ideal for students who plans to continue to graduate school and specialize in a field such as forest ecology or forest entomology. All forestry graduates complete a rigorous curriculum that also includes coursework in communications, liberal arts and sciences to develop an ethic of citizenship and a current mix of marketable professional skills. It’s easy to switch between concentrations during the first year. ACCREDITED BY THE SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FORESTERS Paul Smith’s Colleges A.A.S. in Forest Technology and B.S. in Forestry degree programs are both accredited by the Society of American Foresters. Key Facts A.A.S. degree B.S. degree 121 credit hours (minimum) required 40+ credits must be in 300/400 level courses 60+ credits must be in the liberal arts and sciences Paul Smith’s Colleges A.A.S. in Forest Technology and B.S. in Forestry degree programs are both accredited by the Society of American Foresters Career Options Forestry Technician Procurement Forester Log Buyer Wildland Firefighter Logger Forest Products Industry Required Courses Core Forestry Required Courses: Intro to Forestry; Dendrology; Forest Production Processes; Forest Health;... [-]

Bachelor in Biochemistry

Bay Path University
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Longmeadow

Earn your BS in Biology while studying scientific fundamentals and exploring the foundation of all living things. Enroll in Bay Path University’s Biochemistry program. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. Earn your BS in Biology while studying scientific fundamentals and exploring the foundation of all living things. Enroll in Bay Path University’s Biochemistry program. Why Biochemistry at Bay Path University? As a student of biochemistry at Bay Path University, you will delve into the chemical and molecular aspects of life sciences. Working in a laboratory setting, you collaborate with others to unlock the secrets of cells, proteins, DNA, and other molecules. Ultimately, your focus could be on the study of cancer, diabetes, or other specific diseases affecting humans, animals, and plants. Your results will contribute to the information bank for the diagnoses and treatments of these ills, improving our world. Students gain the knowledge and experience needed to pursue a variety of career paths. As a Biochemistry major, you will: Explore the reactions that occur in all living things Study the chemistry of molecules Take an array of courses in math, biology and chemistry Learn in labs equipped with the latest technology and instrumentation Pursue special research projects and activities Be eligible to participate in the Women in STEM Honors (WiSH) program Biochemistry Careers After Bay Path Biochemistry has a wide range of applications in fields as varied as medicine, food science, forensics, agriculture and pharmacology. BIOCHEMIST DOCTOR AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENTIST BIOLOGICAL TECHNICIAN CHEMIST EPIDEMIOLOLOGIST MEDICAL SCIENTIST TEACHER PHARMACIST ENGINEER RESEARCHER VETERINARIAN Take a campus tour, visit us virtually! [-]

Transfer Bachelor in Agriculture and Crop Science

Ancilla College
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 USA Donaldson

Take your first two years of Agriculture here at Ancilla College and transfer to a four-year school to finish out the bachelor's degree. Or, go straight to the workforce, starting your career on one of the many farms in our area or in the corporate farming industry. [+]

Take your first two years of Agriculture here at Ancilla College and transfer to a four-year school to finish out the bachelor's degree. Or, go straight to the workforce, starting your career on one of the many farms in our area or in the corporate farming industry. We have agreements with nearly 20 four-year schools that guarantee qualified applicants placement and relationships with local businesses to help you get work. Why an Agriculture Degree? Agriculture has many, many different career options. Agriculture is about understanding biology and plant life, crops and biosystems, food and food safety, food science, production and sustainability in addition to cows, plows, farms, and farming. An associate degree in this field will help qualify you for the breadth of modern-day agriculture, helping you thrive in this vibrant career field. Agriculture is a new program at Ancilla College, available now for registration. Apply! Classes include: AGRI 101 — Fundamentals of Horticulture AGRI 102 — Introduction to Animal Agriculture AGRI 104 — Introduction to Agricultural Systems AGRI 105 — Soil Sciences and Crop Production AGRI 203 — Agriculture Microeconomics AGRI 230 — Management Methods in Agriculture Business Suggested Schedule of Classes Usual First Semester Courses Microeconomics in Agribusiness Usual Second Semester Courses Soil Sciences and Crop Production Third semester Biology of Companion Animal Animal Science (Physiology of Domestic Farm Animals) Fourth Semester Zoology What are my career options with this program? Farmer Seed technician Inspector Farming industry analyst Conservation officer Food scientist Landscaper Commodities trader [-]

Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology

A-STATE Queretaro
Campus Full time 4 years July 2018 Mexico Queretaro USA Jonesboro + 2 more

This program provides students with the technical and scientific knowledge of the emerging field of biotechnology. Through a mixture of classroom and hands-on experiences, students will learn the necessary biological, chemical, microbiology, cellular biology, bioinstrumentation, and bioinformatics content and techniques required for individuals working in this fast-changing field. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. This program provides students with the technical and scientific knowledge of the emerging field of biotechnology. Through a mixture of classroom and hands-on experiences, students will learn the necessary biological, chemical, microbiology, cellular biology, bioinstrumentation, and bioinformatics content and techniques required for individuals working in this fast-changing field. Prepared to change the world Students graduating from this program will be prepared for jobs that provide breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner forms of energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes. Course Requirements Required General Education Call Number Course Hours ENG 1003 Composition I 3 ENG 1013 Composition II 3 ENG 2013 World Literature since 1660 3 COM 1203 Oral Communication 3 ART 2503 Fine Arts Visual 3 HIST 2773 POSC 2103 U.S. History since 1876 OR Introduction to U.S. Government 3 CHEM 1023, 1011 General Chemistry I and Laboratory 4 MATH 2214 Calculus I 3 BIO 2013, BIO 2011 BIO 1303, BIO 1301 Biology of the Cell and Laboratory OR Biology of Animals and Laboratory 4 SOC 2213 CMAC 1003 Introduction to Sociology OR Mass Communication in a Modern Society 4 Biotechnology Courses Call Number Course Hours BIO 1303 & BIO 1301 OR BIO 1503 & BIO 1501 Biology of Animals and Laboratory OR Biology of Plants and Laboratory 4 BIO 2042 Biotechnology in a Global Society 2 BIO 3013 & BIO... [-]

B.S. in Biochemistry

The State University of New York at Geneseo
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Geneseo

The interdepartmental degree in Biochemistry stresses basic science and analytical skills. Extensive laboratory experience is acquired making use of the modern instrumentation. [+]

B.S. in Biochemistry The interdepartmental degree in Biochemistry stresses basic science and analytical skills. Extensive laboratory experience is acquired making use of the modern instrumentation in both the Biology and Chemistry departments. Graduates of this program are well prepared for employment in the fields of Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Cell Biology, and Molecular Biology. The program also provides excellent preparation for the pursuit of advanced academic or professional degrees. Graduates routinely score in the 90th percentile or above on national assessment exams and are routinely sought-after by graduate schools and employers. Geneseo students do well partly because of the interaction Geneseo students have with professors and with each other. Participants take many classes together and study together in the Biology and Chemistry buildings, so a great deal of camaraderie develops among the biochemistry majors. The atmosphere is very supportive as students will work with faculty on their own research projects. Students obtain hands-on experience with sophisticated equipment, much of which is usually found only in graduate school, and they are encouraged to present their work at local or national meetings/symposia. [-]

Animal, Dairy, Poultry Sciences

Louisiana State University
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 USA Baton Rouge

The School of Animal Sciences offers programs in animal, dairy, and poultry sciences (animal, dairy, and poultry curriculum) that provide individuals with a broad educational background tailored to meet their needs and aptitudes. Such preparation provides graduates with employment opportunities in all phases of animal, dairy and poultry production, processing, distribution, marketing, research and teaching. Preparatory curricula also are provided for subsequent training at the graduate level or in veterinary medicine. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. Animal, Dairy, and Poultry Sciences Animal, Dairy, and Poultry Sciences (Animal Science Area, Dairy Production Area, Dairy Foods Technology Area, Poultry Science Area, Science and Technology Area, and Preveterinary Medicine) The School of Animal Sciences offers programs in animal, dairy, and poultry sciences (animal, dairy, and poultry curriculum) that provide individuals with a broad educational background tailored to meet their needs and aptitudes. Such preparation provides graduates with employment opportunities in all phases of animal, dairy and poultry production, processing, distribution, marketing, research and teaching. Preparatory curricula also are provided for subsequent training at the graduate level or in veterinary medicine. Qualified undergraduate students have the opportunity to participate in the Summer Internship Program with well-paid stipends. This program integrates academic experience on campus with work experience off campus, providing a total educational experience that prepares the student for responsible participation in industry following graduation. Students take basic courses during the first two years and follow a selected area of concentration during the junior and senior years. Within each area of concentration, students select approved and free electives. Students interested in choosing an approved minor can take the suggested courses for the minor as part of approved and free electives. See the listing of College of Agriculture minors for details. Prior to entering the program, students are encouraged to consult a counselor for guidance in scheduling courses. Those students interested in entering the School of Veterinary Medicine must take BIOL 1201... [-]

B.S. in Agriculture

University of Hawaii, Hilo
Campus Full time September 2017 USA Hilo

This track of study provides students with a variety of animal science courses as well as important courses in agriculture so that they will be better qualified for the job market. [+]

B.S. in Agriculture This track of study provides students with a variety of animal science courses as well as important courses in agriculture so that they will be better qualified for the job market. The purpose of this program is to prepare students to work with livestock on farms and ranches or to obtain positions in the livestock industry or related fields. Former students have taken positions at livestock farms, dairies, ranches, equestrian centers, experiment stations, quarantine stations, veterinary clinics, and zoos. Employment opportunities also exist with government agencies and with livestock and feed companies. Student Learning Outcomes Students will achieve a working knowledge of biology, chemistry, and mathematics as a foundation for further studies. Students will achieve a basic understanding in the different animal science disciplines and be able to apply this knowledge to effectively manage and care for livestock. Students will have experiential learning opportunities with farm animals through routine hands-on laboratories held at the UH Hilo Agricultural Farm Laboratory. When available, field trips to local farms and ranches will also provide learning opportunities with farm animals. Students will gain hands-on experience with livestock to help enhance their competitiveness in future studies and careers. Students will use and refine their communication skills in various classes. Students will develop and apply their computer skills to agricultural examples. B.S. in Agriculture: Group 1: General Education Basic, Area, and Integrative Requirements. Students may choose to graduate under the General Education Basic, Area, and Integrative requirements and graduation requirements in force at... [-]

BSc BioMolecular Engineering

Milwaukee School of Engineering (MSOE)
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 USA Milwaukee

Looking to be on the forefront of cutting-edge technological innovations using new, state-of-the-art laboratories? Find it with a bachelor’s degree in biomolecular engineering—the only one offered in the state. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. Looking to be on the forefront of cutting-edge technological innovations using new, state-of-the-art laboratories? Find it with a bachelor’s degree in biomolecular engineering—the only one offered in the state. Students in the biomolecular engineering (BioE) program work at the molecular level with simple and complex molecules. They take courses that cover concepts of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, cell engineering, biophysics, bioinformatics, nanotechnology and genomics. MSOE is the only university in the state to offer a bachelor’s degree in BioE. You’ll sharpen your skills in a suite of cutting-edge laboratories that rival those found in the professional sector, using high-tech instruments like temperature-controlled incubators, atomic force microscopes, macro and micro centrifuges and more. As scientists make further genetic and molecular breakthroughs, biomolecular engineers continue to be in demand. Equipped with hybrid and versatile skills, these engineers will develop new products, processes and techniques, and provide solutions for medical, food, environmental and technical problems‒—fulfilling their desire to improve human quality of life. The results The three-year average placement rate for MSOE biomolecular engineering graduates is 91% in 2014-2015, and graduates enjoyed an average starting salary of $43,924. The field Biomolecular engineering is a diverse, application-driven discipline in the areas of medical, agricultural, environmental, biotechnical, food and other life-science fields. Biomolecular engineers work at the interface of engineering and molecular biology to solve engineering problems, improve current products and processes and develop new products and processes at the molecular level. They work in advanced laboratories... [-]

BSc in Forestry

Northern Arizona University
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 USA Flagstaff

Our program helps you become well qualified to address the impacts that management decisions and practices have on all resources, including timber, wildlife, range, water, recreation, and scenic beauty. [+]

For more than four decades, Northern Arizona University has been developing and refining a distinctive forest management major designed to instill in you an awareness of the complexities inherent in contemporary wildland management and to help you develop as an involved citizen as well as a professional land manager. Our program helps you become well qualified to address the impacts that management decisions and practices have on all resources, including timber, wildlife, range, water, recreation, and scenic beauty. This program is accredited by the Society of American Foresters (SAF). What Can I Do with a Bachelor of Science in Forestry? Are you happiest when you're outdoors? Would you like to protect the environment for future generations? Learn how at Northern Arizona University. Through work in the School of Forestry, you will learn to become a competent professional forester and land steward. Learn all aspects of forest ecosystems and their management. Graduate prepared for a career in the private sector or with a public land management agency. Here, you will experience innovative and holistic approaches to understanding forestry. Our professional core (four semesters of integrated study) will allow you to build a lasting career and personal relationships. The School of Forestry is a national and international leader in natural resource education and forest research, with a deep commitment to understanding and protecting the environment. Career opportunities that might be pursued: Private timber or consulting companies State departments of forestry State land departments U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service With further education, one... [-]

Bachelor of Science: Biology and Biotechnology

University of Windsor, Undergraduate
Campus Full time 4 years September 2017 Canada Windsor

Biology is one of the life sciences that describes the study of well-being or overall condition of an organism through the use of observation, experimental investigation and theoretical explanation. [+]

BSc Program in Life Sciences in North America 2017/2018. Biology is one of the life sciences that describes the study of well-being or overall condition of an organism through the use of observation, experimental investigation and theoretical explanation. Biotechnology is the synthesis of important biological molecules using living systems. Rigorous, Enriching Programs The Biology and Biotechnology program investigates biological systems at the cellular, organism and/or population levels. This involves the use of living cells and the materials they produce to create products for pharmaceutical, diagnostic, agricultural and environmental applications. Our program includes hands-on learning of sophisticated laboratory techniques and addresses ecological, medical and ethical aspects of this field. You will acquire the tools and skills necessary to successfully compete for positions in industry, government, education or any one of several professional programs including medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, physical therapy - just to name a few. Experiential Learning Extensive training is provided in both the theory and practice of biotechnology including the development of rst-rate biotechnology laboratory techniques. The program is similar in most respects to the biochemistry program. What You Will Take First Year What follows is a sample first-year schedule: Cell Biology General Chemistry I Calculus Science elective Arts or Social Science elective Biological Diversity General Chemistry II Statistics Science elective Arts or Social Science elective Admission Requirements Our Biology and Biotechnology program has a minimum admission average of 70% (plus 70% secondary average). ENG4U, MHF4U, SCH4U and SBI4U are required. MCV4U is strongly recommended. SPH4U is recommended.... [-]