Chemical engineering is a field that is expanding widely through out the world. The expertise is greatly needed to fulfill the demand for carrying the task that cannot be performed by the mechanical engineers and chemists.
Chemical engineering is a field that is expanding widely through out the world. The expertise is greatly needed to fulfill the demand for carrying the task that cannot be performed by the mechanical engineers and chemists. This fields has matured and currently covers many aspects of engineering such as systems design and processing of agricultural products, petroleum and petrochemicals, polymers, pharmaceuticals, bio-fuel, biochemical and many more. In the current state of the world, where resources are limited and sustainable development is a major challenge, the requirement for expertise in chemical engineering is even more crucial.
In addition to fundamental fields such as science and mathematics, humanities and social sciences and basic engineering, there are four major areas in the Bachelor of Chemical Engineering course, These are separation technology, reaction engineering, environmental engineering and process systems engineering.
In separation technology, student are exposed to processes and unit operation equipment in chemical engineering. To understand separation processes. a strong grasp on transport phenomena, which include momentum transfer, mass and heat transfer, is necessary. Mass and heat transfer theories are essential in designing or choosing a suitable heat exchanger to be utilized in a chemical plant. Meanwhile, the unit operation subject covers theories and design of major equipment in the separation of liquid-liquid, gas-liquid,solid-liquid and solid-gas system. Among the equipment are distillation, evaporation, drying, absorption, leaching and other separation techniques such as membrane technology and filtration. Knowledge in separation theory and unit operations is necessary in designing an optimum and safe plant.
Chemical engineering also focuses on the thermodynamics and chemical reaction aspects apart from designing a reaction system. Amongst the topics discussed are reaction kinetics in a reactor, types of reactors and reactor design. The students will learn chemical engineering thermodynamics aspects, which elucidate the characteristics of pure fluid, thermal effects, fluid thermodynamics characteristics, homogeneous thermodynamics, phase equilibrium and chemical reaction equilibrium. The knowledge will consequently be used in learning chemical reaction of processes. Another important aspect in chemical engineering is environmental safety. Environmental engineering subjects cover types of air and water pollution, and also analytical method for pollution measurement, waste treatment and waste management. The workers safety aspects will also be introduced.
In process system engineering, mass and energy balances is the fundamental subject. In this subject, the students will be introduces to the processes in chemical engineering as well s the calculation method for mass and energy balances for different processes. This includes the processes that have chemical reactions and also processes with physical transformations only. The skill in calculating mass and energy balances is very important in many other chemical engineering subjects.
The crux of the chemical engineering course is plant design and synthesis, which includes the selection of process, constructing flow sheets, mass and energy balance, detailed design, selection of equipment and raw materials, process control, operational instruction, cost and economics and also environmental and safety aspects in a plant. Students are also required to complete a processing plant design project in groups. Here, all the techniques learn in the previous years will be integrated in proposing a design for an assigned plant.
Apart from chemical engineering theories, students are also exposed to practical aspects of the field. Every area mentioned before has its own practical or laboratory sessions. The students are also required to prepare a project report to train them to integrate technical knowledge with communication and management in carrying out a task. For the group exercise, the students are required to complete a plant design as mentioned before. In addition, students will also carry out a bachelor’s level research project, in which they will individually work under the supervision of a lecturer. At the end of the design and research work, the students are required to prepare a thesis and give an oral presentation, which will be evaluated by internal and external examiners.
The UTM curriculum requires students to undergo industrial training fro 10-12 weeks during the semester break after the third year of education. A written report about the work done and experiences during the training must be presented at the end of the training period.
PO1 Ability to apply general knowledge, sciences, chemical engineering principles to solve complex chemical engineering problems
PO2 Ability to investigate, design and conduct experiments, analyze and interpret data, and apply the research skills to solve complex engineering problems
PO3 Ability to design a system or process for solving complex chemical engineering problems to meet specified needs with appropriate consideration for public health and safety, cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
PO4 Ability to inculcate modern computational techniques and skills to solve complex chemical engineering activities.
PO5 Ability to responsibly act as well as response to the societal health, safety, environment, legal and cultural issues that are relevant to the professional chemical engineering practice.
PO6 Ability to practice professional chemical engineering knowledge for sustainable development
PO7 Ability to integrate the first principles of mathematics, natural sciences and chemical engineering for solving complex engineering problems through creative, innovative, lateral and critical thinking skills.
PO8 Ability to communicate effectively through written and oral modes to all levels of society.
PO9 Ability to work independently, and as a member or a leader in a team to manage project in multi-disciplinary environment.
PO10 Ability to work ethically according to the norms of chemical – engineering practice.
PO11 Ability to acquire knowledge and engage in life-long learning.
PO12 Ability to acquire entrepreneurship skills and business insights.
Programme Structure & Features
This programme is offered on full-time and part time mode and is based on a 2-Semester Academic Session with several subjects being delivered and assessed in each semester. Assessment is based on coursework, final examination and final year project.
To graduate, students should:
complete the undergraduate final year project.
achieve a total of 133 credit hours with minimum CPA of 2.00
for students from different approved programmes who wish to have a Minor in the Chemical Engineering Programme, they must complete 21 credit hours of selected subjects.
Introduction to Material Science, Atomic structure and inter-atomic bonding, Crystal Structure, Solidification and Crystalline imperfections in solids, Phase Diagrams, Engineering alloys, Mechanical properties, Stress and Strain under axial loading, Torsion, Shear, Analysis and design of beam for bending, Transformation of stress and strain, Beam Deflection of Beams.
Computer Aided Drawing Computer Aided Command, , Geometry, Orthographic Drawing, Isometric Drawing, Sectional Drawing, Flowchart Drawing.
Introduction to Engineering
Overview of engineering, the profession and its requirements in the Malaysian scenario. Communication (oral and written) and teamwork skills. Mind mapping, learning styles and time management. Basic calculations and unit conversions. Create an engineering graph and solving iterative problems using computer. Ethics. Seminar. Plant visits. This course employs Cooperative Learning and grooms students with skills for Problem-based Learning.
This course introduces students to the chemical engineering working environment through seminars from respective personnel and industrial visit to various chemical plants in Malaysia. Assignments and group-based project will be given.
Chemical Process I
Introduction to chemical engineering and chemical processes, process and process variables, material balance strategy, degree of freedom analysis, material balance with reactions, material balance with recycle, single-phase and multiphase systems. Introduction to energy balance.
Chemical Process II
Energy balance on non-reactive systems, balance on reactive systems, material and energy balances on transient processes. entropy, Power and refrigeration cycles.
Thermodynamics and Materials Engineering Laboratory
Experiments performed in this laboratory include boiler tests, diesel engine performance test, equilibrium test, energy (heat engine), tensile test, metal metalography, determination of Young modulus, air compressor, cooling system, torsion testing, stress and strain analysis.
Chemical Engineering Computation
This course introduces students to some numerical techniques in solving chemical engineering problems that could not be solved analytically. Students will be exposed to the numerical solution for root of equation, simultaneous algebraic equation, curve fitting, ordinary differential equations, numerical differentiation and integration problems. MATLAB programming language will be implemented with the intention of illustrating the nuance of the methods, and showing more realistically how the methods are applied for problem solving.
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
Volumetric properties of pure liquid, heat effects, thermodynamics properties of fluids, properties relationship for homogeneous mixture, phase equilibrium and chemical reaction equilibrium.
Fundamentals of mass transfer, rate equation for molecular diffusion, mass transfer at boundary layer, mass transfer between phases, mass transfer rate at simple surface geometry, simultaneous mass transfer and chemical reaction. Also included is heat transfer theory, conduction, steady state conduction in two dimensions, steady state conduction with convection to environment, unsteady-state conduction, convection, radiation heat transfer, heat exchanger design.
Engineering Economics and Project Management
The engineering economy study involves computing a specific economic measure of worth for estimated cash flows over a specific period of time. Project Management is the art of planning, scheduling, and controlling of project activities to achieve performance, cost, and time objectives, for a given scope of works, while using resources efficiently and effectively.
Process Control and Instrumentation
This subject covers chemical process control, static and dynamic process behaviour, mathematical modelling, analysis of dynamic chemical process behaviour, analysis and design of feedback control systems, analysis and design of complex control systems.
Chemical Reaction Engineering
Topics in this course are: introduction to homogeneous reaction kinetic, batch reactor data analysis, introduction to reactor design, single reactor design, reactor design for single reaction and multiple reactor, temperature and pressure effect, nonideal flow, introduction to heterogeneous reaction system design, types of reactor test, catalytic reaction.
Separation Processes I
Introduction to unit operations in chemical engineering: evaporation, liquid-liquid separation, liquid vapour separation, liquid-liquid extraction and leaching.
Separation Processes II
Topics covered are particle characterisation, pneumatic conveying of bulk solid, size reduction of solids, crystallisation, solid-liquid separation, filtration, membrane separation processes and drying.
Environmental Engineering and Sustainability
Introduction to pollution control includes: water pollution, air pollution, noise pollution and environmental acts and techniques to reduce pollutants.
Pollution Control and Reaction Laboratory
Experiments performed in this laboratory are: acidity and alkalinity, biological oxygen demand (BOD), coagulation and flocculation, ambient air quality monitoring, the use of direct spectrophotometer, conductivity measurement, sludge index, water sampling. To test the saponification reaction, iodine reaction, esterification reaction, continuous stirred tank reactor and biodiesel production
Separation Processes Laboratory I
Evaporation operation, distillation operation, gas-liquid absorption operation, drying operation, liquid physical and chemical properties identification and heat transfer.
Separation Processes Laboratory II
Solid-liquid leaching, adsorption, particle analysis, filtration and fluidized bed.
Undergraduate Project I
A first stage of the Undergraduate Project which involve in preliminary studies and planning on how to carry out the study given to the student. The works include literature review, problem and scope identification, objective and method determination.
A 10-week training in industry. The main rational of introducing the programme is to provide UTM students with exposure to practical aspects of industry and their work practices. During the programme, the students will have the opportunity to relate their theoretical understanding to the real application in industry and to develop skills in work ethics, management, communication and human relations.
Introduction to process plant synthesis where design of each individual unit operation are combined with the objective of optimising the raw material and energy use for processing, cost factor and economics, environmental and also safety factor. Selection of reactor design, selection of separator design, reaction-separation system synthesis and also heat exchanger network synthesis, process safety, waste minimisation.
Biotechenology for Engineer
Advances in genetics and molecular biology have led to many new developments of pharmaceutical, chemical and agricultural products. Biotechnology for Engineers is introduced to prepare students for careers in the growing biotechnology and biopharmaceutical industries. This subject provides a brief outlook of biotechnology, especially to non-bioprocess engineering students. The subject covers the basic concept of recombinant DNA technology in areas such as food, microorganism, agriculture, medical, environment, and forensic science to improve human’s life quality and solve problems.
Physical Chemistry for Engineer
Physical chemistry is an important basic engineering subject where introduce fundamental physical principles that govern the properties and behaviour of chemical systems from either a microscopic or a macroscopic viewpoint. In this subject, three important areas which are thermodynamics, electrochemical systems and kinetics are introduced. Thermodynamics embrace an interrelationship of various equilibrium properties of the system and its changes in processes. Electrochemical systems discuss on the electric potential that lead to the determination of thermodynamic properties in the electrochemical cells. Kinetics includes the rate processes of chemical reactions, diffusion, adsorption and molecular collisions.
Membrane Separation Technology
This course will provide an overview of membrane and membrane process classification, common membrane materials and membrane preparation methods and procedures. Origin of membrane selectivity and methods for membrane characterization will also be discussed. Membrane process design for the pressure driven processes of microfiltration, ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis will be covered.
Safety in Process Plant Design
Main danger and act, introduction to relief, occupational safety and health, danger identifcation, risk analysis, accident inspection.
Process Control Laboratory
Experiments performed in this laboratory include: PLC, introduction to transducers and instrumentation, control of a heat exchanger, liquid level control, analysis of dynamic response, and controller tuning.
Undergraduate Project II
Students are required to do research project where they are required to collect data from the apparatus in laboratory and pilot plant under the supervisor of a lecturer. The use of computer is also emphasised. Students are required to submit a report at the seminar at the end of the project.
Plant Design Project
Students are divided into groups. Each group will be given a design topic and will be under the supervision of a lecturer. The design project involves process selection, building the process flow diagram (PFD), material and energy balances, detailed equipment design, equipment selection and material of construction, equipment control, operational instruction, economics and costing.
SYNOPSES OF ELECTIVE COURSES
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
The course includes sources, generation and characteristics of industrial and municipal wastes, analysis of collection systems, handling and disposal practices of municipal wastes, significance of industrial wastes as environmental pollutants, pollution prevention and techniques for processing, treatment and disposal of industrial wastes.
The course features extensive information on various local herbs available for exploitation using specific technologies to fulfill the need of wellness industry. The key elements of process design will be include process creation/synthesis, process analysis, process evaluation and process optimisation in generating inherently safe, economic and environmentally friendly processes.
Vegetable Oil and Oleochemical Technology
This course introduces students to the palm oil and oleochemical industries in Malaysia. Students are exposed to the processes involved in the palm oil mills and palm oil refineries. Production of basic oleochemicals is also studied.
Supercritical Fluid Extraction
This subject introduces the technology of supercritical fluid extraction which is offers the alternative technique for separation and extraction of solute or marker compound from any plant matrixes. There are many reasons which make the use of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction as a great potential method such as safety process, high purity and economically improve recovery, increase reproducibility, decrease the use of halogenated solvent and less unit operations involved.
This course presents the principles and methodology to develop an understanding of Pinch Analysis technique and acquire the skills to apply the technique for optimal resource conservation for the ultimate aim of producing cost effective, clean and energy efficient designs of new and existing chemical process systems.
This course provides students to a perspective on the field of wastewater engineering, which is a branch of environmental engineering. The students will be exposed to the application of the basic principles of science and engineering to solving the issues associated with the treatment of wastewater.
Optimization for Chemical Processes
This course will provide the student with the ability to formulate, solve and interpret meaningful optimization problems in engineering, science and business. Emphasis will be placed on the formulation of mathematical models for use with commonly available solution techniques.
This course covers management strategies to enhance the quality of water, air and noise system. Various management options are evaluated. Student will be exposed to the Environmental Assessment methods and the use of models in assessing environmental impacts.
This course introduces the students to waste incineration process as one of the waste management hierarchy. It covers the available incineration technologies, emission from incineration process and regulatory requirement to control emission, air pollution control system, design of incineration plant and ash management.
Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals
The subject examines biomass resources and technologies available for conversion to energy, fuels and chemicals. The module looks at technologies for the production of heat, electricity, transport fuel and chemicals.
Matlab Application in Chemical Engineering
Matlab as a powerful software will be implemented to solve problems arising in chemical engineering like: algebraic equations, system of linear and nonlinear equations, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, plotting, curve fitting, integrals and general skills of Matlab.
Fundamentals of Polymer Science
Basic terminologies, principles on polymers and structural relationship towards polymer classification are discussed. An overview on the polymer industry is elaborated together with its impact on human life. Molecular weight relationships toward polymer properties and its implication are briefly presented. This course emphasis specifically on the advanced of polymer synthesis including step-growth, chain-growth and co-ordination polymerizations. Kinetic for the polymerization mechanism is described and its relationship to molecular weight is explained in details. The limitations and application for each polymerization mechanism are discussed. The polymerization systems used for the polymerization process are discussed together with their advantages and the disadvantages. Finally, this course also exposed students to the pilot scale set-up of the polymerization systems.
Prerequisite: SKK 4513 Fundamentals of Polymer Science
This course is designed to expose students to the properties of polymer which have great importance. It will emphasize on the mechanical properties, electrical properties, chemical resistance, degradation effects and flammability properties, A strong emphasis will be given on the mechanical properties which include viscoelastic behavior, tensile, flexural and impact properties. Long term test using creep deformation is also included. At the end of the course the student should be able to explain the interrelation between polymer properties, structures and applications. The students should also be able to describe the appropriate test and characterization for each property.
Polymer Rheology and Processing
Prerequisite: SKKK 4513 Fundamentals of Polymer Science
This course introduces students to some major theories in polymer rheology, their applications in polymer processing and the basic principles of extrusion, injection molding and other major processing methods. Topics include fundamental flow properties, Newtonian and non-Newtonian analyses, and methods of determination of rheological properties of polymer melts and solutions, structure-flow behavior relationships, visco-elastic fluid theory, application to extrusion, injection molding and other processes. The basic mathematical modeling and engineering design analysis of extruder screws and injection molds will also be described.