Bachelor's Degrees in Australia

View all 368 Top Bachelor Programs in Australia 2015/2016

Bachelor

Many students from all over the world choose Australia as their destination for higher education. Australia holds education in high regard and universities strive for excellence in academics. With a Bachelor in Australia program, there is truly an international experience as students travel from around the globe, enhancing the learning experience and allowing students to personally grow. Aside from these reasons to choose a Bachelor in Australia, this country has something to offer every student, including dynamic cities, beautiful landscapes, and adventurous land and sea activities.

Many students that have chosen a Bachelor in Australia degree have the benefit of being able to work around the world, as many of the universities are linked to institutions in other countries. Students of Bachelor in Australia programs will not only learn the essentials in their chosen discipline, but they will also gain the skills necessary to think critically, creatively, and independently.

To learn more about the programs for a Bachelor in Australia degree, browse the options below or narrow your search using the boxes above. Take the next step today!

Read more

Bachelor of Fine Art (Honours)

Campus July 2015 Australia Darlinghurst

The Bachelor of Fine Art (Honours) is a full-time studio-based degree delivered over one academic year of 26 weeks. It is designed for students [+]

Bachelors in Australia 2015/2016. The Bachelor of Fine Art (Honours) is a full-time studio-based degree delivered over one academic year of 26 weeks. It is designed for students who have completed a three year BFA degree or equivalent, and offers the opportunity to focus and further develop their individual studio practice. The program introduces students to a studio research environment by developing their ability and autonomy as emerging professional practitioners in the visual arts. The BFA (Hons) comprises three inter-related subject streams: a Studio Major (nominated from the disciplines of Ceramics, Drawing, Painting, Photography, Printmaking or Sculpture), supported by a weekly Studio Seminar program, and Art History and Theory lecture series. The course is delivered on campus, where students are provided with dedicated studio facilities. BFA (Hons) students have the opportunity to extend their abilities in the following areas: - Technical and conceptual skills - Aesthetic and critical judgement - Historical, contemporary and theoretical contexts relevant to individual art practice - Studio practice and management of materials Admission Requirements Entry to the BFA(Hons) is assessed by consideration of the following: 1). Previous study; applicants need to provide evidence of: - an Australian or New Zealand tertiary qualification in Fine Art, or overseas equivalent; - completion of a Major in the intended BFA(Hons) specialisation; - a credit average in a Fine Art degree with excellence in the third year of a Studio Major. Applicants wishing to undertake a Drawing Major are considered for admission on the basis of: - a credit average in a Fine Art degree with excellence in Drawing in the third year of undergraduate study; or - where a separate Drawing mark was not awarded excellence in a studio major and a substantial portfolio of drawings. 2). A 300-word proposal for an Honours Studio Project. 3). Interview that will include discussion of the Honours Studio Project Proposal. 4). Supporting evidence portfolio of approximately 12 current or relevant art works in digital form on CD formatted with jpeg files, readable for both Mac and PC. Fees - Domestic students: $7,000 per year ($6,500 with Bursary for continuing NAS Students) - International students: $28,500 per year (Enrolments Commencing 2014) [-]

Bachelor of Computer Science

Campus September 2015 Australia Melbourne

You'll gain both practical and theoretical skills to build innovative software applications, like those that drive iPods, Facebook, intelligent robots and... [+]

Bachelor of Computer Science

You'll gain both practical and theoretical skills to build innovative software applications, like those that drive iPods, Facebook, intelligent robots and more.You'll graduate with excellent programming skills and be capable of designing, implementing and maintaining complex software systems.You can chart your own major direction of study, to graduate with a specialist computer science program.Specialisations include:

application programming computational mathematics embedded systems games, graphics and digital media security web systems.

Learning and teaching

RMIT offers a variety of learning and teaching approaches including lectures, seminars, studios, workshops, presentations, group discussions and syndicate work. These are primarily in English.You'll have access to online resources through the myRMIT student portal.Ongoing assessment throughout the semester includes examinations, essays, reports, oral classes, presentations, group projects, research projects, laboratory projects and practical assignments.... [-]


Bachelor of Commerce

Campus September 2015 Australia North Ryde

In this flexible degree you'll study management, marketing, finance and accounting all in your first year. You'll then complete one or two majors to... [+]

Bachelor of Commerce

Commerce, or business, is the exchange of goods or commodities. Gain a comprehensive understanding of all business functions, strategy and skills. Prepare for your career in business.In this flexible degree you'll study management, marketing, finance and accounting all in your first year.  You'll then complete one or two majors to develop depth in your chosen commerce discipline.Specialise in accounting, applied econometrics, demographics, marketing, public sector management, business information systems, decision science, commercial law, economics, finance, human resources or international business.

Key features... [-]


Bachelor of Business (International Event Management)

Campus September 2015 Australia Leura Sydney

This degree program gives students a broad business-focused education and training in all key aspects of Event Management. [+]

Bachelor of Business (International Event Management)

Event Management spans several large sectors including MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences and Exhibitions), community and cultural celebrations, sporting events and arts/entertainment festivals, and destination tourism branding. Event Management runs across all sectors of industry from corporate to public to government.This degree program gives students a broad business-focused education and training in all key aspects of Event Management. The program includes a practical block of skills-training and practice under professional supervision at the Leura campus, where students are involved with the planning, organisation and delivery of events and functions. It also includes two industry placements of paid employment in industry in Australia or abroad including hotels, convention centres and event venues. Event Management spans several large sectors including MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences and Exhibitions), community and cultural celebrations, sporting and arts/entertainment festivals, and destination tourism branding.Graduates in International Event Management gain an understanding of business management as well as specialist knowledge of corporate hospitality, sponsorships and marketing.... [-]


Bachelor of Nursing

Campus February 2016 Australia Perth, WA

Bring your passion for nursing to Murdoch and we'll help you develop the qualification and experience you need within just 3 years. [+]

Bachelors in Australia 2015/2016. Being a nurse is about caring. Nurses provide care in hospitals, homes, work places and the community. A nurse provides help to people across a wide range of health areas that include assisting them to recover from acute illnesses and injury, regaining their independence, adjusting to chronic conditions and staying healthy. Bring your passion for nursing to Murdoch and we'll provide you with a strong foundation to help you become a registered nurse, and the experience you need to begin a rewarding career. Prepare for a variety of diverse and exciting roles as a registered nurse Murdoch graduates are welcomed by an industry looking for well-prepared nurses who have the knowledge and breadth of skills to provide nursing care across a broad spectrum of areas. At Murdoch our 3 year Bachelor of Nursing program provides an exceptional learning experience to assist you achieve this. In addition to Murdoch Nursing´s excellent learning and teaching resources, our teaching staff offer a wealth of clinical, academic and research expertise. Your entry into rewarding employment After graduating from Nursing at Murdoch you will be well-prepared to register with the Nurses and Midwives Board of Australia as a high-quality nursing professional who is ready to begin a career across a variety of clinical and community areas. Enrolled nurses are welcome to apply and will receive up to one year advanced standing into our degree. Qualify and apply The qualifications listed below are Murdoch University's standard undergraduate admission requirements for international students. Any of these will allow you to gain direct entry into most Murdoch undergraduate degree programs. Eligibility to apply In addition to english proficiency, students should achieve at least one the following in order to be eligible to apply: - GCE A-Level/STPM: At least 7 points over the best 2 or 3 subjects at H2 level - WAUPP: CPS of at least 54 - International Baccalaureate (IB): Full IB Diploma awarded, score of at least 25 - Australian ATAR: An Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) of 65.00 or greater (indicative) - Indonesian SMU3: Score of 8 - For Diploma and post-secondary graduates: Successful completion of your Diploma or other recognised post-secondary qualification will usually allow you to direct entry to those Murdoch University programs that have standard entry requirements. Requests for advanced standing (credit and exemptions) will be assessed upon request. In addition to at least one of the above, applicants for Nursing will need to submit a Personal Statement. This is a brief essay (generally no more than 500 words) outlining why you wish to undertake the program you have applied for, how you consider your past study and experiences to be relevant to the program for which you are applying and why you think you will succeed in this course. English proficiency In order to gain admission to Murdoch University, students must satisfy Murdoch University English requirements by demonstrating competency in the English Language. [-]

Bachelor in Engineering Science

Campus September 2015 Australia Perth, WA

From building the world's largest man-made structures to its smallest electronic devices, from moving people across the globe to sustaining their local environment, engineering affects every aspect of our lives [+]

Bachelor in Engineering Science

From building the world's largest man-made structures to its smallest electronic devices, from moving people across the globe to sustaining their local environment, engineering affects every aspect of our lives. This major develops your intellectual, practical, scientific and project management skills along with your imagination, creativity, inspiration and communication.

Course description, features and facilities

The Engineering Science major provides you with fundamental engineering knowledge and develops your scientific, communication and problem solving skills through a combination of theoretical foundations and practical, hands-on courses and industry projects.... [-]


Bachelor of Creative Arts and Industries (Visual Arts) (BCAIVA)

Campus September 2015 Australia Northern Territory

This course contains two pathways designed to assist students to develop the critical tools and material skills necessary to build professional careers in the Visual Arts as artists and theorists. The [+]

Bachelor of Creative Arts and Industries (Visual Arts) (BCAIVA)

Locations:

Casuarina Campus

This course contains two pathways designed to assist students to develop the critical tools and material skills necessary to build professional careers in the Visual Arts as artists and theorists. The studio and theoretical teaching staff are augmented by a vibrant visiting forum of guest speakers and together with our partnership with Northern Editions and the CDU Art Gallery and Collection provide an exciting and stimulating learning environment.

The Studio Practice specialisation is a contextual studio based programme which provides students with the opportunity to specialise in digital media, painting, printmaking, sculpture and/or drawing or to combine any media in their studio productions. The Art History and Cultural Heritage specialisation gives students the marketing, writing and research skills required to work within museums, galleries, arts tourism industries and arts writing/publishing sectors.... [-]


Bachelor of Applied Finance (Financial Planning)

Campus September 2015 Australia Sydney

This career-orientated higher education program has been developed in response to industry demands for dynamic professionals who are able to provide appropriate and comprehensive financial advice, whilst adhering to the highest ethical standards. [+]

Bachelor of Applied Finance (Financial Planning)

This career-orientated higher education program has been developed in response to industry demands for dynamic professionals who are able to provide appropriate and comprehensive financial advice, whilst adhering to the highest ethical standards.

The degree has been developed by academic professionals and industry experts to deliver global best practice financial planning practitioners. The result is a specialist degree, geared towards preparing students for the practical demands of a professional industry.

Graduates of this program will be in a strong position to build relationships with clients, think problems through to provide solutions to clients, and integrate theoretical and practical knowledge to suit the requirements of this complex industry.... [-]


Bachelor of Bioscience

Campus March 2016 Australia Melbourne Albury-Wodonga

This flexible course is designed to allow you to specialise in two areas of biology, or combine your biology subjects with other science or non-science subjects. [+]

Bachelor of Bioscience Course description

This flexible course is designed to allow you to specialise in two areas of biology, or combine your biology subjects with other science or non-science subjects. It prepares you to address big issues such as protecting native forests and grasslands, discovering new medicinal cures or sustainable agricultural practices, and mapping the genome of endangered species.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS Bachelor of Bioscience (077314A)

Annual Tuition Fee (A$):25 810

English Language Requirements

IELTS (Academic) score of 6.0 with no individual band score less than 6.0; TOEFL Paper-based Test - a minimum overall score of 550 with a score of 5 or more in the Test of Written English; TOEFL Internet-based Test - a minimum overall score of 60 with a minimum for SLR 18; W 22; Satisfactory completion of the English for Further Studies Advanced Stage 5B (EFS5 UG minimum 60 per cent) which is available from La Trobe Melbourne; for more information please visit the La Trobe Melbourne website. La Trobe Melbourne Foundation Studies: 60 per cent final result in a course; English as the language of instruction in tertiary studies may be accepted. Please note: English as the language of instruction in previous study will not be accepted as a basis of admission (English) for courses where the approved test score requirement is above an IELTS 6.5 with no band score lower than 6.0. Pearson Test of English (Academic) (PTE): a minimum score of 57 with no communicative skill score less than 50. Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English (CAE): a grade of B or higher. Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE): a pass grade of C or higher; or approved international equivalent.... [-]


Bachelor of Film

Campus June 2015 Australia Brisbane Sydney Melbourne Perth, WA Byron Bay + 2 more

The SAE Bachelor of Film is a hands-on filmmaking course covering tactile hard skill elements of filmmaking in the modern era. New forms of film distribution have changed the film-viewing environment but the foundation skills needed to create films are still core to the future of film production. [+]

The SAE Bachelor of Film is a hands-on filmmaking course covering tactile hard skill elements of filmmaking in the modern era. New forms of film distribution have changed the film-viewing environment but the foundation skills needed to create films are still core to the future of film production. Soft skills are invaluable attributes for students and are taught through the organising of film productions at the student level. Communication, scheduling, and organisational skills are the core of the Studio Units delivered in Stage II alongside the foundational skills learnt. Creation of high quality short films with high production values lead students through this combined technical and people oriented delivery giving them the springboard to all areas of filmmaking. You will undertake specialised units designed for students to participate in real-world projects under the guidance of expert SAE staff. With this unique teaching style, you will demonstrate your skills and technical knowledge in a collaborative and creative studio-based learning environment. Your Studies: Each degree program is broken up into discrete stages, each designed to promote different skills. Stage I – Foundational Skills Development In Stage I, you will undertake a number of foundational units which will give you the essential technical skills and knowledge not only relevant to your discipline area, but also give you the skills required to collaborate with other creative media students and professionals in later stages of the program. Introduction to cinematography and film production Post-production principles and techniques Storytelling for contemporary media Critical thinking for creative media Screen design Film studies Overview of industry Project management and professional etiquette Critical and creative thinking Contemporary industry overview Stage II – Interdisciplinary Projects, Media and Cultural Studies In Stage II you will be working in simulated project groups where you are working towards large scale deliverables each trimester. Within Stage II we will not only get you to apply your Stage I skills in a deeper context, but help you work within the contemporary creative media workforce. In Stage II we show you how your work contributes to and interacts with broader culture and media practice. This knowledge will enable you to work with a variety of other disciplines and artists and expand your potential on the global stage. You will complete a number of real-world projects with students not only in your own discipline, but in all other SAE disciplines. In Stage II, you will be given the opportunity to work as project specialists within the following areas. The types of projects and project roles you choose to undertake will determine what area of specialisation you fall within. Stage II has two studio modules with projects based on the following areas; 1. Production Both film specialisations have a strong common set of subjects covering the broad base the film industry requires. The Production specialisation focuses on targeting producing and directing skills specifically to this stream, strengthening the ‘big picture’ skill-set of graduates. 2. Post Production The Post Production specialisation adds more specific compositing and software curriculum elements to the common core subjects of this degree. Visual Effects are used in many more films than most people realise and these techniques are studied in this specialisation using industry standard software. Some of these high level softwares were traditionally very expensive and required major hardware installations in order to use. These are now much easier for students to access, increasing creative possibilities within the realm of all future filmmakers. Stage III Stage III is the final part of your studies. Here you will undertake an interdisciplinary project of your choice to be the final and most ambitious portfolio project that you will undertake. You will also finalise your studies by undertaking an elective module and completing a compulsory internship. By the time you graduate, you will have; a professional online presence that you will have begun building at the start of the program, a wide range of interdisciplinary projects present in your portfolio, and a deeper understanding of the creative media fields and real-world experience. Our graduates finish with skill-sets covering not only the foundational areas of traditional filmmaking, but wider concepts of the future of film distribution and viewing standards. Not only do our graduates finish with a working showreel presenting their skills but also their individual creative directions. Students also graduate with an understanding of how to navigate the future of film and media as it adapts and evolves with the changing times. [-]

Bachelor of Business - International Event Management

Campus September 2015 Australia Sydney

A business degree is not just about business. In today’s diverse and dynamic workplace, a business degree is one of those rare university qualifications that offers flexibility, adaptability and [+]

Bachelor of Business - International Event Management

Awarding Body:

Blue Mountains International Hospitality School

A business degree is not just about business. In today’s diverse and dynamic workplace, a business degree is one of those rare university qualifications that offers flexibility, adaptability and global portability.

And graduates with a business degree specialising in hospitality, hotel or event management, can easily find themselves working in sectors such as tourism, aviation, transport, IT, human resources, marketing and sales, as well as communication or consultancy in either the public or private sector.

... [-]

Bachelor of Business

Campus September 2015 Australia Adelaide Brisbane Melbourne Sydney + 1 more

The Bachelor of Business provides students with the foundation skills and knowledge necessary to understand and successfully enter the world of business. [+]

Bachelor of Business Bachelor of Business Overview The Bachelor of Business provides students with the foundation skills and knowledge necessary to understand and successfully enter the world of business. Students enter their chosen career with specialist knowledge, having studied across a range of professional fields and specialised elective subjects. Upon completion of this course you will: Demonstrate fundamental knowledge across a wide range of business disciplines Explain the broad economic, social, regulatory and ethical environment in which businesses operate within a global economy Apply knowledge from various business disciplines to formulate solutions to business problems Key Facts Intakes March, July, November Duration 2 years full time, 24 subjects, 6 trimesters 3 years full time, 24 subjects, 6 trimesters Structure 24 subjects – 8 compulsory, 16 elective Entry Requirements International Student Entry Requirements Equivalent Academic Requirement Australia: Successful completion of Year 12 or equivalent (Minimum ATAR of 55) Brazil: Successful completion of Diploma de Ensino Medio or equivalent Bulgaria: Successful completion of Diploma za Sredno Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Secondary Education) China: Successful completion of Senior Middle 3 (SM3) with 70-75% average Colombia: Successful completion of Bachillerato France: Successful completion of French Baccalaureat Germany: Successful completion of Abitur Hong Kong: HKDSE Minimum 8 points – Only points gained in category A and C subjects will be considered. Minimum Level 3 in English Hungary: Successful completion of Erettsegi/ Matura wutg India: Completion of the All India Senior School Certificate with an average of 55% Indonesia: Completion of SMU3 with an average grade of 7.0 in 4 subjects (Diploma of Commerce). High School Leaving Certificate Year 3 with a ‘C’ grade (Bachelor of Business) Italy: Successful completion of Diploma di Esame di Stato/ Maturita Korea: High School Leaving Certificate Year 3 with a ‘C’ grade average in 4 academic subjects Malaysia: STPM with 2 passes or Senior Middle 3 (SM3) passes of 70% or above in 4 academic subjects or equivalent Mexico: Successful completion of Bachillerato/ Preparatoria Peru: Successful completion of Secondary education (Certificado de Educación Secundaria Común Completa) Singapore: 2 passes in the Singapore ‘A’ levels Spain: Successful completion of the Curso de Orientacion Universitaria/ Título de Bachillerato South Africa: Successful completion of the National Senior Certificate or Senior Certificate Thailand: Successful completion of the Matayom 6 with GPA of 2.0 United Arab Emirates: Tawjihi with 70% average in academic subjects Venezuela: Successful completion of Bachillerato Vietnam: GPA of 6.0-6.5 All other countries: Enquire at School English Entry Requirements You must demonstrate English proficiency through one of the following means. 1) An English test score with minimum requirements as: IELTS 6.0 Overall (with not less than 5.5 in any one skill, and with a 6.0 in speaking and writing), OR PTE Academic Score of 42 – 49, OR TOEFL (Computer) – 213, TOEFL (Internet) – 80 or equivalent. Kaplan International English – English for Academic Purposes 2 – 65% 2) Proof of completion of secondary education (or higher) in a country in which English is the primary language. 3) Proof of completion of secondary education at an international high school where English was the language of primary instruction. Domestic Entry Requirements Successful completion of Year 12 or equivalent (Minimum ATAR of 55) Fees International Student Fees Subject Fee: $1,650 Programme Fee: $39,600 Domestic Student Fees Subject Fee: $1,375 Programme Fee: $33,000 Credits/Exemptions Recognition of Prior Learning Students may be eligible for credit for academic work previously completed and should apply to the School for this to be recognised as an exemption from individual subjects of study. Testimonial “I really enjoy the environment and the attention and support we receive from the lecturers – they are fantastic and really put in the time to help you.” - Nicholas Kontaxis Graduates of the Bachelor of Business have a high level of employability due to the mix of theoretical knowledge and practical skills learnt during the course, including analysis, high-level problem solving, communication and teamwork. [-]

Bachelor of Accounting

Campus

This course has been developed to meet the growing demand for business professionals with qualifications in the areas of accounting and sustainable business. It is ideal for those wishing to combine a mainstream accounting course with a sustainability and environmental management focus. [+]

Bachelors in Australia 2015/2016. This course has been developed to meet the growing demand for business professionals with qualifications in the areas of accounting and sustainable business. It is ideal for those wishing to combine a mainstream accounting course with a sustainability and environmental management focus. Interested in sustainability and environmental practices and also want an accounting career? NMIT’s Bachelor of Accounting has been developed in consultation with industry, government, accounting professional bodies and universities to meet the growing demand for business professionals qualified in the areas of accounting and sustainable business. The course includes fundamental Accounting subjects covering general accounting, corporate accounting, management accounting, auditing and taxation and financial management whilst at the same time providing a focus on environmental sustainability through subjects such as Introduction to Sustainability Studies, Environmental Law and Environmental Economics and Policy. Specialist topics include: sustainability environmental law environmental economics environmental policy. Employment outcomes include: general accounting taxation auditing business consulting management sustainable business management sustainable auditing. The Bachelor of Accounting is a Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) accredited degree. Students who successfully complete an Associate Degree of Accounting are eligible to be accepted directly into the Bachelor of Accounting. Professional Membership: Opportunities exist for graduates to apply for membership with CPA Australia, ICA and IPA. Please contact the CPA, ICA and IPA for further information on membership requirements. International Students Entrance Requirements Academic: Australian Year 12 equivalency or higher. English Language: Academic IELTS 6.0 overall or recognised equivalency. Much like choosing a course, every student’s circumstances are different when it comes time for tuition fees and we can guide you through the fee structure. Each course page will outline specific fees, or visit the Local Student fees page or International Student fees page for more information. [-]

Bachelor of Business (Marketing)

Campus August 2015 Australia Adelaide

This is a specialised marketing degree. You will learn about consumer psychology, the scientific laws of brand growth, and develop the practical skills that you will need to become a marketing manager. The School of Marketing is unique because it is [+]

This is a specialised marketing degree. You will learn about consumer psychology, the scientific laws of brand growth, and develop the practical skills that you will need to become a marketing manager. The School of Marketing is unique because it is linked to a world-class academic research institute. The Ehrenberg-Bass Institute for Marketing Science has received international acclaim for its contribution to marketing science and is a consultant for some of the world´s biggest brands. If you choose marketing at the University of South Australia you will be taught the very latest marketing knowledge by the same marketing scientists that advise Coca-Cola, Colgate-Palmolive and Unilever. The School is also home to the Institute for Choice, who provide unparalleled insight into human choice behaviour and how it affects the products we choose, the life we lead and the world we shape. You can gain practical experience through industry placements, vacation research programs and advanced masterclasses, and the opportunity to study overseas. You also have the opportunity to study marketing with communication in the Bachelor of Marketing and Communication (DBMN) program. Work Placement Opportunity In third year you can apply for the Marketing Project, an opportunity to gain experience and meet industry contacts while working for a real business. As part of this course, you will conduct a comprehensive market research project and present your final report to senior management. In second or third year you can undertake an industry placement as part of our Marketing Placement course. A placement provides important work experience before you graduate, and real-world insight into the realities of marketing practice. [-]

Bachelor of Accounting

Campus September 2015 Australia Melbourne

This professional accounting qualification covers career-specific disciplines, including accounting, auditing, finance, business law and taxation. [+]

Bachelor of Accounting (066343J )

This professional accounting qualification covers career-specific disciplines, including accounting, auditing, finance, business law and taxation. In addition to fulfilling requirements for membership in key professional accounting organisations, students can select advanced subjects in management, marketing, finance and economics.

English Language Requirements

Successful completion of English for Further Studies Advanced Stage 5B certificate at undergraduate (EFS5 (60%) UG) level conducted by La Trobe Melbourne. IELTS (Academic) score of 6.0 with no individual band score less than 6.0; or TOEFL Paper-based Test: a minimum score of 550 with a score of 5 or better in the Test of Written English; or TOEFL Computer-based Test: a minimum score of 213 with a score of 5 in essay writing; or TOEFL Internet-based Test: a minimum score of 80 with no individual score less than 20; or Satisfactory completion of an English language subject at Year 12 or equivalent level. This must have been completed in the last two years and at an academic level acceptable to the University; or Approved equivalent.... [-]